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681 Possible Causes for Constipation, Hypokalemia, Ileus

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Hypovolemic (from vomiting) Hypochloremic (from vomiting) Hypokalemia (from vomiting) Alkalosis (from vomiting) What must be ruled out on physical exam in pts with SBO?[quizlet.com] CASE: A 29-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Synonyms Ileus: paralytic ileus, adynamic ileus, non mechanical obstruction, intestinal pseudo obstruction Small bowel obstruction: mechanical ileus, obstructive ileus, dynamic[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] In the early stage of the disease, diarrhea is a frequent symptom, but soon gives way to obstinate constipation.[henriettes-herb.com] Complications:  Systemic complications:  Bacterimic or endotoxic shock  SIRS  MODS  Abdominal Complications:  Paralytic ileus  Residual/recurrent abscess/ Inflammatory[slideshare.net]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, dizziness, abdominal pains and constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia is common and can be associated with serious adverse consequences, including paralysis, ileus, cardiac arrhythmias, and death.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Possibilities include headache, lethargy, irritability , leg cramps , constipation and heart palpitations .[dietdoctor.com] Aggressive potassium replacement early in the management has been shown to minimize the risk of hypokalemia.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Ileus

    The patients had dilated bowels and hypokalemia; correction of the hypokalemia decreased the dilation.[ijam-web.org] Risk factors for constipation in the ICU According to Nassar et al, (2009), constipation occurred in 69.9% of the patients who stayed for loger than 3 days in the ICU.[derangedphysiology.com] See Meconium ileus, Paralytic ileus.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Hypokalemia events were related to malnutrition (odds ratio, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-7.14; P .045).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mg 2 has been used as a component of enemas to treat constipation.[doi.org] Hypomagnesemia -- impaired action of PTH at level of bone Hypophosphatemia.. ... possibly secondary to impaired renal tubular resorption/retension Gastrointestinal Adynamic ileus[newmanveterinary.com]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of constipation and prevention of complete bowel obstruction are required for gastrointestinal management in CF.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fewer have meconium ileus, but more have distal intestinal obstruction syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction

    While PD K losses often contribute to hypokalemia, the PD K loss was estimated to be only 39 mEq/day.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] AIM: To determine long-term outcomes of surgical treatments for patients with constipation and features of colonic pseudo-obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ileus usually arises from an exaggerated intestinal reaction to abdominal surgery that is often exacerbated by numerous other conditions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Paralytic Ileus

    We describe a 60 year man with 2 year history of recurrent paralytic ileus attributed to recurrent hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Constipation was very troublesome and he often needed enema to prevent intestinal obstruction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physiologic ileus resolves within 2 to 3 days; thus, ileus persisting beyond 3 days are already considered adynamic or paralytic etiologically.[symptoma.com]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Usually, the therapeutic approach is conservative based on the control and improvement of fluid and electrolytes disorders, particularly hypokalemia.[intechopen.com] She developed persistent non-bilious vomiting that was associated with constipation soon after birth.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Another cause of meconium ileus is cystic fibrosis.[patient.info]

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