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314 Possible Causes for Constipation, Hypokalemia, Magnesium Decreased

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    […] risk of developing T2D. 4 , 5 , 41 , 42 In addition, higher magnesium intake has been consistently associated with reduced risk of T2D in cohort studies or improved glucose[doi.org] Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] Symptoms of CD include malabsorption and malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, iron deficiency anemia, failure to thrive, short stature, diarrhea, anorexia, constipation, vomiting[dx.doi.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Possibilities include headache, lethargy, irritability , leg cramps , constipation and heart palpitations .[dietdoctor.com] Mortality from diabetic coma in industrialized countries may only be decreased by prophylaxis, i.e. by education of all diabetic patients and physicians to detect metabolic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, dizziness, abdominal pains and constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] cardiac monitor…most are already on telemetry), respiratory status, neuro, GI, urinary output and renal status (BUN and creatinine levels) Watch other electrolytes like Magnesium[registerednursern.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Magnesium deficiency also results in decreased release of parathyroid hormone leading to hypocalcemia.[symptoma.com] Hypokalemia events were related to malnutrition (odds ratio, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-7.14; P .045).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mg 2 has been used as a component of enemas to treat constipation.[doi.org]

  • Diarrhea

    The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Osmotic and stimulant laxatives, secretagogues, and serotonin 5-HT 4 receptor agonists are approved for treating constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[medbullets.com] […] findings Proximal muscle weakness, failure to thrive, short stature, convulsions, tetany, cramps, ileus, gout, mental retardation, enuresis, nocturia, polyuria, salt craving, constipation[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] It is currently unknown why calcium reabsorption is increased while magnesium absorption is decreased, leading to a low level of magnesium in the blood.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This study aims to determine the prevalence of CD in patients with chronic constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    Therefore, the mechanisms underlying persistent aldosterone over secretion despite suppression of the renin-angiotensin system and the hypokalemia have been a “puzzle” for[hyper.ahajournals.org] Conversely, depression, bone or joint pain, and constipation were all significantly more common in patients with calcium 11.2mg/dL (p 0.006, 0.001, and 0.031, respectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 46 year-old female patient presented to the hospital with ongoing and progressively increasing fatigue, severe nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, palpitations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pain “Pins and needles” Numbness Muscle weakness, cramps, or aches Muscle spasms / contractions Tingling Constipation Diarrhea Incontinence (leaking urine) or difficulty with[foundationforpn.org] "In animal experiments, when the magnesium in the blood is decreased, tremors occur similar to delirium tremens ... magnesium is an important part of every cell in the body[mgwater.com]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    The inclusion of oral magnesium hydroxide, simethicone, and probiotics decreased the length of hospitalization in a randomized controlled trial of 144 patients with partial[aafp.org] Hypovolemic (from vomiting) Hypochloremic (from vomiting) Hypokalemia (from vomiting) Alkalosis (from vomiting) What must be ruled out on physical exam in pts with SBO?[quizlet.com] CASE: A 29-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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