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427 Possible Causes for Cortical Thinning, Dementia

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Na, Dae Ryong Kang and Sang Won Seo, Higher education affects accelerated cortical thinning in Alzheimer's disease: a 5-year preliminary longitudinal study, International[] […] to developing dementia.[] ., posterior cingulate, precuneus, and/or temporoparietal cortices) on FDG-PET, and (3) cortical thinning/gray matter loss in a specific anatomic distribution (i.e., lateral[]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Blast-Exposed Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Show Greater Frontal Cortical Thinning and Poorer Executive Functioning .[] We report the clinical, neuroimaging, and neuropathologic characteristics of 2 patients who developed early onset dementia after a moderate-severe traumatic brain injury ([] KEYWORDS: Dementia; Lazaroids; Oxidative stress; Traumatic brain injury; Vitamin E; α-Tocopherol[]

  • Parkinson's Disease

    thinning in patients with Parkinson’s disease longitudinally, Brain, 10.1093/brain/awu036, 137, 4, (1120-1129), (2014).[] […] disease dementia (PDD), together known as the Lewy body dementias.[] […] with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), together known as the Lewy body dementias.[]

  • Schizophrenia

    Patterns of cortical thinning in different subgroups of schizophrenia. The British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science 206, 479 – 483.[] […] and compared them to controls: two studies demonstrated an increase in the prevalence of dementia and one did not.[] Original Article Positive symptoms associate with cortical thinning in the superior temporal gyrus via the ENIGMA Schizophrenia consortium Department of Psychology, Georgia[]

  • Primary Progressive Aphasia

    We also observed regions of hyperperfusion, some associated with cortical thinning and others without cortical thinning, including right superior temporal, inferior parietal[] Substance use has been reported in some subtypes of frontotemporal dementia, such as behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia.[] Focal cortical thinning/hypometabolism of the left superior frontal region and a cerebrospinal fluid profile not consistent with Alzheimer's disease pathology were identified[]

  • Dialysis Dementia

    […] rus atroph ies # "ch4.arri, et al, 2 010 &, whole brain and hippo campus atrop hies # enneman, et al, 200( &3 cortical thinning # *abuncu, et al, 2001 &, hippocampus .olume[] Seven patients with dialysis dementia are described.[] Abstract Dialysis dementia is a unique neurologic complication of renal failure associated with chronic dialysis.[]

  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    Incident subcortical infarcts induce focal thinning in connected cortical regions. Neurology. 2012;79(20):2025–8.[] Mixed dementia consists of a combination between multi-infarct and Alzheimer's dementia.[] Abstract Multi-infarct dementia (MID) indicates a dementia disorder primarily caused by multiple cerebral infarcts.[]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    The best predictors of outcome to include aqueductal flow void , thinning of the corpus callosum, effacement of the sulci with absence of cortical atrophy and gait apraxia[] DISCUSSION: In the present sample, persons with clinical and imaging signs of iNPH had excess mortality and an increased risk of dementia.[] Evidence of cortical or hippocampal atrophy is not consistent with the diagnosis and degenerative diseases should be considered instead.[]

  • Bipolar Disorder

    thinning in bipolar I disorder, Translational Psychiatry, 10.1038/tp.2017.57, 7, 4, (e1086-e1086), (2017).[] However, in some cases, dementia is caused by a non-neurodegenerative disease, such as an affective disorder. In these cases, the dementia can be reversible.[] Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous syndrome, with the most frequent phenotype being behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD[]

  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

    Relative to controls, PSPs patients had a focal, bilateral cortical thinning mainly located in the prefrontal/precentral cortex and temporal pole.[] However, the subcortical dementias can be clearly distinguished clinically from cortical dementias, other than frontal dementias.[] The progression to dementia at the 3-year follow-up was assessed.[]

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