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311 Possible Causes for Cortical Thinning, Joint Swelling

  • Rickets

    thinning and bowing Vitamin D and PTH play an important role in calcium homeostasis Associated conditions orthopaedic manifestations include brittle bones with physeal cupping[] Some doctors describe the symptoms of rickets as aches and pains and possible enlarged bones along with swelling at the joints such as wrists and ankles.[] Anterior bowing of the femur and internal rotation at the ankle are frequently found, along with swelling at the wrist, prominent costochondral joints, and a soft, deformable[]

  • Osteoarthritis

    Subchondral bone plate is a thin cortical lamella, lying immediately beneath the calcified cartilage [ 12 ].[] Pronunciation Specialty Rheumatology, orthopedics Symptoms Joint pain, stiffness, joint swelling, decreased range of motion American College of Rheumatology Factsheet on OA[] The osteochondral plate consists of the following: a thin layer of cortical bone (also called the subchondral plate), a calcified layer of cartilage, adjacent articular cartilage[]

  • Internal Joint Prosthesis Broken

    Radiographically, distinctive osteolyses with cortical thinning around all components of the 4 RM prostheses were seen, and the hinge joint of implant in MCPJ IV was broken[] Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint. It causes pain, stiffness, and swelling.[] They are used to distribute the stresses under a screw head so as to prevent thin cortical bone from splitting.[]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Roldán, Agustín Escalante and Inmaculada del Rincón, Impaired arterial function associated with thinning of cortical bone in rheumatoid arthritis, Arthritis Care & Research[] At 1-year follow up, no further aggravation of joint swelling and pain was detected.[] swelling index (n 105; WMD, 10 cm VAS 0.25; 95% CI -1.31, 1.82; P 0.75; heterogeneity: tau(2) 0.18;chi(2) 1.14; P 0.28; I(2) 13%).[]

  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Associated cortical thinning presents a characteristic metaphyseal and diaphyseal mismatch that should be addressed at the time of implant selection for cementless fixation[] He suffered from fever and generalized rash followed by multiple joints swelling for four months before admission.[] Symptoms of JIA include: Joint stiffness in the morning Pain in the joints Swelling in the joints Difficulty with range of motion Recurrent fever Rash Abdominal pain Some[]

  • Synovial Hemangioma

    Final diagnosis can only be made with histological examination, which reveals multiple dilated thin-walled vascular spaces.[] It may be a cause of pain and recurrent joint swelling in children and young adults.[] Hemangiomas of the articular synovium are rare and commonly associated with recurrent joint swelling and painful limitation of motion.[]

  • Seronegative Arthritis

    thinning and striations, coarsened trabeculae along with lytic lesions Clinically: (highly variable) Leads principally to bilateral hilar adenopathy, pulmonary infiltrates[] , feet and ankles Joint swelling and redness Joint tenderness Symmetrical symptoms and in multiple joints Ongoing inflammation Morning stiffness lasting longer than 30 minutes[] swelling, tenderness or pain, and sometimes redness.[]

  • Gaucher Disease

    Osteolytic lesions can also occur but are rare and tend to be large, expanding intramedullary lesions with cortical thinning.[] Joints swell, become shiny, red and inflamed, and actually feel warm to the touch.[] Manifestations may include enlarged spleen and liver, liver malfunction, skeletal disorders or bone lesions that may be painful, severe neurological complications, swelling[]

  • Lupus Erythematosus

    The kidneys are also atrophic, with cortical thinning and renal sinus lipomatosis (arrows). Figure 16.[] […] hip pain (osteonecrosis) Physical exam butterfly malar rash large joint swelling and synovitis hand and wrist manifestation are common (90%) swelling and synovitis of PIPs[] Common symptoms include: severe fatigue joint pain joint swelling headaches a rash on the cheeks and nose, which is called a “butterfly rash” hair loss anemia blood-clotting[]

  • Synovial Sarcoma

    Is a Fibrous cortical defect if less than 2cm. Asymptomatic (no periostitis). Metaphyseal.[] Swelling in the popliteal fossa was tender on palpation and irreducible on flexion of the knee joint.[] Physical examination may be remarkable for: Tenderness to palpation Soft tissue swelling Decreased range of motion Muscle atrophy Joint effusion Laboratory Findings There[]

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