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82 Possible Causes for Cortical Thinning, Subdural Hematoma

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    A 67-year-old woman became comatose following evacuation of bilateral acute subdural hematomas with concurrent respiratory failure.[] Blast-Exposed Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Show Greater Frontal Cortical Thinning and Poorer Executive Functioning .[] She was diagnosed as subdural hematoma on the right frontal lobe and subarachnoid haemorrhage.[]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    “Treatable dementia” : Refers to dementia which is caused by something such as thyroid disorders, B12 deficiency, tumors, or subdural hematoma (bleeding of the brain).[] Na, Dae Ryong Kang and Sang Won Seo, Higher education affects accelerated cortical thinning in Alzheimer's disease: a 5-year preliminary longitudinal study, International[] ., posterior cingulate, precuneus, and/or temporoparietal cortices) on FDG-PET, and (3) cortical thinning/gray matter loss in a specific anatomic distribution (i.e., lateral[]

  • Bipolar Disorder

    thinning in bipolar I disorder, Translational Psychiatry, 10.1038/tp.2017.57, 7, 4, (e1086-e1086), (2017).[] , F G Nery, T Chile, K Chaim, C da Costa Leite, R Machado-Vieira, M C G Otaduy and H Vallada, The CACNA1C risk allele rs1006737 is associated with age-related prefrontal cortical[]

  • Intracranial Hemorrhage

    Subdural hematomas are formed when blood is extravasated into the subdural space between the arachnoid and the pia mater.[] […] wall, they branch parallel to the ventricle, hence tend to collapse, (iv) because of relative paucity of superficial cortical veins between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation,[] Subdural hematomas had the highest rate of NI (15.5%) and accounted for 78% of all NIs. Isolated subarachnoid hemorrhages had the lowest, nonzero, NI rate (0.19%).[]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    Magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of a subacute right subdural hematoma with secondary obstructive hydrocephalus.[] Fetuses who develop progressive ventricular enlargement and cortical thinning from hydrocephalus before 28 weeks may have irreversible damage by 32 weeks.[] Note that the cortical ribbon is extremely thin near the skull, from the constant pressure of the underlying obstructive hydrocephalus.[]

  • Subdural Empyema

    A subdural empyema (SDE) following burr hole drainage of a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be difficult to distinguish from a recurrence of the CSDH, especially when[] […] rim of fluid slightly hyperdense to cerebrospinal fluid and hypodense to parenchyma with peripheral enhancement, adjacent disproportionate cortical edema and effacement of[] Thus, it was speculated that the preexisting subdural hematoma was formed after head trauma, which was followed by a hematogenous infection caused by Brucella species.[]

  • Meningioma

    The tumor presented as a dural-based mass with cortical buckling and a thin rim of trapped CSF.[]

  • Huntington's Disease

    Posti and Kari Majamaa, Chronic subdural hematomas in Finnish patients with Huntington’s disease, Acta Neurochirurgica, 10.1007/s00701-016-2845-x, 158, 8, (1487-1490), (2016[] GDNF-NPC transplantation also results in reduced inclusions and increased NeuN-positive cells in the striatum but no improvement in cortical thinning.[] Regional and progressive thinning of the cortical ribbon in Huntington’s disease. Neurology. 2002; 58 (5):695–701. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 94.[]

  • Subdural Effusion

    Development of the infected subdural effusion was probably secondary to bacterial infection in the pre-existing chronic subdural hematoma in the resolving stage.[] Infants who have loose skin, patients with highpressure shunts and those with large ventricles and thin cortical mantle at the site of insertion are prone to develop this[] The incidence of traumatic subdural effusion (TSE) was analyzed to clarify the relationship with subsequent chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) in 500 patients with head injury[]

  • Rickets

    They didn't use [the term] 'subdural hematomas.' They used 'pachymeningitis hemorrhagica interna.' It was the term from the old literature.[] But the old pathology literature, even pre-1900 in the French literature, [indicate] hemorrhage in the brain, over the convexities of the brain, the subdural compartment.[]

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