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288 Possible Causes for Cortical Thinning, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Osteoporosis

    Bone densitometry is a safe, painless x-ray technique that compares your bone density to the peak bone density that someone of your same sex and ethnicity should have reached[orthoinfo.aaos.org] The main radiographic features of generalized osteoporosis are cortical thinning and increased radiolucency. 1 Vertebral fractures are a frequent complication of osteoporosis[web.archive.org] cortical bone and marked bone loss in the anterior and posterior 25% of the tibial plateau should require special attention when osteoporotic patients require fracture fixation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Pyelonephritis

    […] tomography of the abdomen with the use of contrast material revealed a large, obstructing calculus in the upper-pole calyx of the right kidney, causing focal atrophy and cortical[nejm.org] General Imaging should be interpreted in the relevant clinical context and is often characterized by 1 : renal scarring renal atrophy renal cortical thinning compensatory[radiopaedia.org] Renal cortex is lost, and the renal parenchyma thins. Uninvolved renal tissue may hypertrophy locally with segmental enlargement.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica

    X-rays may show thin bones, fractures, bowing, and cysts. Teeth x-rays may also be abnormal. A bone x-ray may be done.[nlm.nih.gov] OFC is the classic skeletal manifestation of end stage PHPT characterized by skeletal demineralization, subperiosteal bone resorption, cortical thinning, pathologic fractures[shmabstracts.com] A, Lytic expansile lesion of the anterior arch of the second rib with cortical thinning and minimal destruction and sclerotic septum.[doi.org]

  • Hydronephrosis

    Severe (cortical thinning): 10 mm in the 2 nd trimester; 15 mm in the 3 rd. Associated abnormalities: Chromosomal defects: low risk in isolated forms.[fetalmedicine.org] Excretory urogram after 30 min. shows severe dilatation of the right pelvocalyceal system with cortical thinning and smooth obstruction of the right ureteropelvic junction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Internal Joint Prosthesis Broken

    Radiographically, distinctive osteolyses with cortical thinning around all components of the 4 RM prostheses were seen, and the hinge joint of implant in MCPJ IV was broken[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com] Radiographically, distinctive osteolyses with cortical thinning around all components of the 4 RM prostheses accompanied with its subsidences were seen, and the hinge joint[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com] However, if the metacarpal intramedullary space is widened due to bone resorption with cortical thinning such as in our case, cementation of the titanium coated stems, that[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com]

  • Rib Fracture

    Plain X-rays of the skeleton in the areas of abnormality identified at bone scan, are still needed to evaluate for the exact nature of the abnormality.[radiologyassistant.nl] They have a conical and twisted shape with a thin cortex and often fracture obliquely. This results in poor cortical screw purchase.[bjaed.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Epidermoid Cancer of the Kidney Pelvis

    There was minimal right pleural effusion on chest X-ray, with no abnormal pulmonary nodules.[karger.com] The CT scan also showed decreased renal parenchymal enhancement around the stones and diffuse cortical thinning with fluid collection ( Fig. 2 ).[synapse.koreamed.org] thinning.[ccij-online.org]

  • Chondrosarcoma

    Work-up following a knee injury without any abnormalities on x-ray was extended to include an MRI study, which revealed an osteolytic lesion in the distal third of the femur[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] thinning and expansion and soft-tissue involvement; difficult to diagnose from radiographs ( see Table 1 ) Table 1: Tumours arising in bone Bone tumour type Examples occurring[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Bone scan This is a more sensitive test than the bone x-ray and can show up any abnormal areas of bone more clearly.[macmillan.org.uk]

  • Acute Pyelonephritis

    Imaging : Renal ultrasound may show small kidneys with a thin cortex.[patient.info] Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) may show small kidneys, ureteric and caliceal dilatation/blunting with cortical scarring.[patient.info]

  • Osteoblastoma

    In addition to a complete physical exam, a doctor may order the following to diagnose osteoblastoma: X-ray Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Computerized tomography (CT or[danafarberbostonchildrens.org] There may be expansion of bone, cortical thinning and cortical breakthrough.[tumorsurgery.org] Diagnostic Tests/Lab Tests/Lab Values X-Ray [1] [2] [5] Positive for Osteoblastoma: 4-6cm in size at the lesion, cortical thinning, expansion of bone, radiolucency in the[physio-pedia.com]

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