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297 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots

  • Retinopathy

    An ocular examination revealed multiple retinal cotton-wool spots and hard exudates. Interferon treatment was suspended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first signs of nonproliferative retinopathy are Capillary microaneurysms Dot and blot retinal hemorrhages Hard exudates Cotton-wool spots (soft exudates) Hard exudates[merckmanuals.com] Cotton wool spots 2. Venous beading 3. Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) in at least 2 contiguous overlapping photographic fields 4.[bu.edu]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Decrease in visual acuity (6/7 patients) and scotoma (5/7) were the main symptoms and Elschnig spot, flamed shaped haemorrhage, serous retinal detachment, cotton wool spots[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is defined clinically as high blood pressure (BP) levels associated with lesions of the retinal fundus (flame-shaped hemorrhages, exudates, or cotton wool spots, with or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Retinopathy

    spots.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The number of positive Mas, diabetic macular edema (DME) and epiretinal membranes (ERM) were significantly higher with MC than CFP (P  0.05), while the numbers of cotton wool[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first signs of nonproliferative retinopathy are Capillary microaneurysms Dot and blot retinal hemorrhages Hard exudates Cotton-wool spots (soft exudates) Hard exudates[merckmanuals.com]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Coats Plus Syndrome

    (D) Microscopic examination of the eye at autopsy showed an infarct of the nerve fiber layer of the retina ("cotton woolspot). The arrowhead indicates a cytoid body.[academic.oup.com] Microscopic examination of the eyes disclosed numerous bilateral microinfarcts of the retinal nerve fiber layer ("cotton woolspots) inferior to the macula and involving[academic.oup.com]

  • Scleromalacia Perforans

    […] scleromalacia perforans. ( 6072271 ) Gombos G.M. 1967 25 A CASE OF MISDIAGNOSED SCLEROMALACIA PERFORANS. ( 14157802 ) BOYLAN C.E. 1964 26 Scleromalacia perforans, associated with a cotton-wool[malacards.org] .: Scleromalacia perforans associated with a cotton- wool spot of the retina in an otherwise healthy patient. Amer. J.[docslide.com.br] Cotton-wool spots in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. FIGURE 10. Cotton-wool spots in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.[aafp.org]

  • Smallpox Vaccination

    Fundoscopy of the left eye disclosed a retinal infarct in the inferior macula and multiple cotton wool spots over the entire posterior pole.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At the follow-up visit 3 months later, visual acuity in the left eye improved, fundoscopy showed resolution of the cotton wool spots and temporal disc pallor, and the visual[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Syphilitic Chorioretinitis

    Retinal cotton-wool spots in a patient with Pneumocystis carinii infection. N Engl J Med 1982; 307:184-5. 83.[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] Although they can be confused with cotton-wool spots (which may be present in the same eye), CMV lesions differ by their tendency to enlarge and coalesce over time.[hivinsite.ucsf.edu] […] infarcts of the nerve fiber layer and are no different from cotton-wool spots seen with other systemic disorders such as diabetes mellitus and systemic hypertension.[hivinsite.ucsf.edu]

  • Streptococcus Viridans

    Several cotton wool spots and blot intraretinal haemorrhages were present in the right eye.[bjo.bmj.com]

  • Progressive Loss of Visual Acuity

    Areas of localised infarction due to arteriolar vasoconstriction can create cotton wool spots and flame-shaped haemorrhages.[fastbleep.com] wool spots ‘Stormy sunset’ appearance Causes Raised intraocular pressure (chronic glaucoma , hypertension ) Hyperviscosity syndromes (polycythemia) Vessel wall disease (e.g[almostadoctor.co.uk] Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy is characterized by abnormalities of the retinal circulation, including microaneurysms, intra-retinal hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots,[aafp.org]

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