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231 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Dizziness, Headache

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Anemia: A lack of growth of red blood cells causes extreme tiredness, weakness, and dizziness.[uihc.org] CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    The neurological damages include blurry vision, dizziness, and loss of movement or sensation.[symptoma.com] A 62-year-old man with a history of hypertension was referred secondary to bilateral temporal scotomas and persistent headache for 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Loss of peripheral (side) vision Inner ear symptoms: Hearing loss Dizziness (vertigo) Ringing in the ears (tinnitus) All three parts of the disease may not appear at the same[my.clevelandclinic.org] Headache is estimated to affect up to 80% of Susac syndrome patients, but the relevance of headache characteristics and profile is not yet clear.[mdpi.com] Retinal edema and cotton-wool spots were observed. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral peripheral occlusive arterial vasculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A dilated fundus examination showed improvement in hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots.[reviewofoptometry.com] People with blood pressures in this range may have no symptoms, but are more likely to report headaches (22% of cases) and dizziness than the general population.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    A variety of systemic symptoms are also often present, including nausea, vomiting, chills, dizziness, and loss of weight.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Among audiovestibular symptoms, tinnitus and dizziness are commonly reported, while vertigo and hearing impairment are infrequent reports.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton wool spots were present in 4% of subjects, exudates in 3% and pseudodrusen in 4%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    […] cerebral symptoms.In the past, the term "hypertensive encephalopathy" has been applied to a range of neurological problems occurring in hypertensive patients, such as headache, dizziness[en.wikipedia.org] A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On ophthalmoscopy, grade IV retinal changes are associated with hypertensive encephalopathy, [7] including papilledema, hemorrhage, exudates, and cotton-wool spots (see the[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Preeclampsia

    A 35-year-old pregnant woman, with one past uncomplicated pregnancy presented at 29 weeks to our medical institute as an emergency with dizziness, chest distress, palpitation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    Symptoms of hypoglycemia include: Sweating Trembling Dizziness Hunger Confusion Seizures and loss of consciousness (if hypoglycemia is not recognized and corrected) You can[drugs.com] There was no significant difference in the risk of cough, headache or hyperkalaemia when ARB was to placebo.[dx.doi.org] wool spots are present, look carefully for the following features, but cotton wool spots themselves do not define pre-proliferative retinopathy): any venous beading any venous[web.archive.org]

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    Your doctor may alter the dose of particular medications, usually over a period of time to reduce the risk of withdrawal symptoms, such as low blood pressure and dizziness[betterhealth.vic.gov.au] A 54-year-old male, without any related medical history developed a severe headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Retinal vascular manifestations range from relatively benign cotton-wool spots, with or without associated intraretinal hemorrhages, to more severe vaso-occlusive disease,[aao.org]

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