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293 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Edema, Headache

  • Preeclampsia

    […] successive weeks after administration of betamethasone at 12 mg twice and transabdominal amnioinfusion with 250 mL of Ringer's acetate solution at GW 25(-3/7) , generalized edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Ophthalmic explorations showed bilateral macular and papillary edema, and multiple crystalline deposits in the anterior stromal cornea and in the retina.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 72-year-old man, who had been in complete remission from multiple myeloma for 1 year after treatment that included lenalidomide, presented with confusion, headache, nausea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Retinopathy

    Steroid Eye Drops For Diabetic Macular Edema Some individuals with diabetic macular edema may experience reduced symptoms and improved vision after treatment with corticosteroid[allaboutvision.com] Some patients might report reduced vision or headaches.[symptoma.com] An ocular examination revealed multiple retinal cotton-wool spots and hard exudates. Interferon treatment was suspended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Papilledema

    […] autopsy results and the PMMR results.The presence of PA may aid in the diagnoses of cerebral edema despite normal postmortem brain swelling based on PMMR.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Headaches associated with papilledema may be both life-threatening as well as vision-threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] wool spots In chronic phase , optic disc elevation and blurred margins, but no hemorrhages or cotton wool spots In atrophic phase (optic nerve axons have died), optic disc[kellogg.umich.edu]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    […] relief after SGB is unclear, but we believe it was effective for ischemia in temporal arteritis because it led to dilation of affected arteries or suppression of inflammation/edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    Posterior uveitis is uncommon and optic disc edema is rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 62-year-old man with a history of hypertension was referred secondary to bilateral temporal scotomas and persistent headache for 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    […] hypertensive response was acceptably controlled by nitroprusside and a beta-blocker but during tumor handling the hypertensive crisis worsened and she developed acute pulmonary edema[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A dilated fundus examination showed improvement in hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots.[reviewofoptometry.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    This leads to the formation of hemorrhages/edema in the eye.[retinany.com] A 31-year-old woman presented with severe bilateral visual acuity loss associated with headaches and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , presents with a ‘wet’ retina (multiple hemorrhage, multiple exudate, extensive edema, and few cotton wool spots).[web.archive.org]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Hypertensive encephalopathy typically presents with headache and confusion and bilateral parietooccipital vasogenic edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three patients are described who experienced headache from hypertension: one had acute headache from acute hypertension, one had daily, morning headaches from chronic hypertension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On ophthalmoscopy, grade IV retinal changes are associated with hypertensive encephalopathy, [7] including papilledema, hemorrhage, exudates, and cotton-wool spots (see the[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Pathophysiology Acute BP elevation typically causes reversible vasoconstriction in retinal blood vessels, and hypertensive crisis may cause optic disk edema.[msdmanuals.com] Common early symptoms of hypertension include headache, dizziness, tinnitus, and chest discomfort.[amboss.com] Image in 2012: Three years later, the cotton-wool spot completely vanished.[atlasophthalmology.net]

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