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275 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Fatigue, Headache

  • Multiple Myeloma

    CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She developed G2 AEs, including nausea and fatigue. The cardiac amyloidosis worsened, and she died of heart and renal failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    A 62-year-old man with a history of hypertension was referred secondary to bilateral temporal scotomas and persistent headache for 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms and Signs Change in GCS / mental status: anxiety , confusion , decreased alertness, decreased ability to concentrate, fatigue, restlessness, sleepiness, stupor, lethargy[almostadoctor.co.uk] Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Accompanying neck pain was present, together with continuous lethargy and fatigue.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Our cases showed arteriolar involvement and clinical symptoms characterized by headaches, dysesthesias, fleeting paralysis, personality changes, intellectual impairment and[annals.org] Moderate symptoms are dizziness, fatigue, headache and other, whereas more severe symptomatology includes a stroke, heart attack or encephalopathy.[symptoma.com] We describe a case of bilateral papillophlebitis with disc edema, scattered cotton-wool spots, flame-shaped hemorrhages, and exudates around the optic discs and in the macula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Yet IIH is rare, IIH without papilloedema (IIHWOP) seems rarer still, while chronic fatigue syndrome is common.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton wool spots were present in 4% of subjects, exudates in 3% and pseudodrusen in 4%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Non-Cranial Giant Cell Arteritis

    […] head.12425 M3 - Article VL - 54 SP - 1273 EP - 1289 JO - Headache T2 - Headache JF - Headache SN - 0017-8748 IS - 8 ER -[mayoclinic.pure.elsevier.com] Early symptoms of giant cell arteritis resemble the flu: fatigue, loss of appetite, and fever.[fpnotebook.com] Additional ophthalmic manifestations include isolated cotton-wool spots, cranial-nerve palsies, ocular hypotony, and pupillary abnormalities. 2 To detect these conditions,[nejm.org]

  • Preeclampsia

    The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] Affected women may also develop other symptoms such as sudden weight gain, headaches, swelling, abdominal pain, nausea, heartburn, fatigue and visual disturbances.[news-medical.net] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    The patient was noted to be taking amitriptyline for migraine headache prevention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, the effect on fatigue as major complaint in chronic fatigue patients without excessive daytime sleepiness, is not fully understood nor explored.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The tip-off is six or more peripapillary cotton-wool spots [ Fig. 1 ].[aao.org]

  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica

    Tension-type headache mimics. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2011;15:459-66.[doi.org] Other symptoms may include fever, weight loss, night sweats, depression, fatigue, and a general feeling of being ill.[arthritis.webmd.com] Cotton-wool spots were seen in one third of the eyes. Peripheral triangular chorioretinal ischemic lesions were seen in 10 eyes.[web.archive.org]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    There was no significant difference in the risk of cough, headache or hyperkalaemia when ARB was to placebo.[dx.doi.org] Signs of untreated diabetes type 2 are: blurry vision, excessive thirst, fatigue, hunger, frequent urination, and weight loss.[publichealth.va.gov] wool spots are present, look carefully for the following features, but cotton wool spots themselves do not define pre-proliferative retinopathy): any venous beading any venous[web.archive.org]

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