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216 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache

  • Preeclampsia

    We present a patient who, at 27 3/7 weeks of gestation, fulfilled diagnostic criteria for severe preeclampsia, including hypertension, proteinuria, headache, abnormal serum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org] The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    A 72-year-old man, who had been in complete remission from multiple myeloma for 1 year after treatment that included lenalidomide, presented with confusion, headache, nausea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com] CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Retinopathy

    Some patients might report reduced vision or headaches.[symptoma.com] An ocular examination revealed multiple retinal cotton-wool spots and hard exudates. Interferon treatment was suspended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Late-stage diabetic retinopathy symptoms include: Blurred vision Eye strain Headaches. Causes Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by complications of diabetes.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    A 62-year-old man with a history of hypertension was referred secondary to bilateral temporal scotomas and persistent headache for 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The case of a 6-year-old girl who presented with a prolonged history of general malaise, headaches and abdominal pain is reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Papilledema

    Abstract Headaches associated with papilledema may be both life-threatening as well as vision-threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] wool spots In chronic phase , optic disc elevation and blurred margins, but no hemorrhages or cotton wool spots In atrophic phase (optic nerve axons have died), optic disc[kellogg.umich.edu] wool spots and hard exudates may result in complete vision loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Headache is estimated to affect up to 80% of Susac syndrome patients, but the relevance of headache characteristics and profile is not yet clear.[mdpi.com] Retinal edema and cotton-wool spots were observed. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral peripheral occlusive arterial vasculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Funduscopy revealed cotton wool spots and ischaemic cloudy swelling of the retina.[tandfonline.com]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Our cases showed arteriolar involvement and clinical symptoms characterized by headaches, dysesthesias, fleeting paralysis, personality changes, intellectual impairment and[annals.org] We describe a case of bilateral papillophlebitis with disc edema, scattered cotton-wool spots, flame-shaped hemorrhages, and exudates around the optic discs and in the macula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] WebMD notes various symptoms of hypertension, including blood in the urine, chest pain, difficulty breathing, fatigue or confusion, irregular heartbeat, severe headaches and[ask.com]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An 81-year-old man presented with a right temporal headache that had persisted for one month.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Organ damage can include: Encephalopathy Grade III ( retinal haemorrhages, exudates, cotton wool spots and retinal oedema ) or Grade IV (papilloedema) retinopathy Renal failure[em3.org.uk] Grade 3 (white cotton wool spots, flame shaped hemorrhage and yellow white exudates) and grade 4 (papilledema along with hemorrhage and exudates) retina changes are cardinal[symptoma.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    A 31-year-old woman presented with severe bilateral visual acuity loss associated with headaches and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , presents with a ‘wet’ retina (multiple hemorrhage, multiple exudate, extensive edema, and few cotton wool spots).[web.archive.org] Those affected may experience headaches or blurred or loss of vision. If symptoms of stroke start to appear, go to the emergency room immediately.[eastcarolinaretina.com]

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