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66 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache, Hyperuricemia

  • Preeclampsia

    The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] Uric acid values can be quite helpful in such situations, since hyperuricemia is uncommon in pregnancy except with gout, renal failure, or preeclampsia-eclampsia. —————- Treatment[health.am] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Not recognizing hyperuricemia.[clinicaladvisor.com] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Our cases showed arteriolar involvement and clinical symptoms characterized by headaches, dysesthesias, fleeting paralysis, personality changes, intellectual impairment and[annals.org] Mild hyperuricemia induces glomerular hypertension in normal rats. Am J Physiol 2002; 283 : F1105–F1110. 15.[doi.org] We describe a case of bilateral papillophlebitis with disc edema, scattered cotton-wool spots, flame-shaped hemorrhages, and exudates around the optic discs and in the macula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Leukemia

    Pounding headaches iStock/AZarubaika Although not common, frequent pounding headaches may be a sign of leukemia-related anemia or even a life-threatening case of bleeding[rd.com] Hyperuricemia and a slightly raised lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) are common features.[web.archive.org] Those with retinopathy have more aggressive disease and therefore worse outcomes. [11, 12] The presence of cotton wool spots decreases the mean survival significantly. [13[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Acute Myelocytic Leukemia

    […] pyrexia), nausea, infection, vomiting, bleeding, low levels of platelets in the blood (thrombocytopenia), swelling and sores in the mouth (stomatitis), constipation, rash, headache[fda.gov] Hydration and allopurinol or rasburicase are used for treatment of hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, and hyperkalemia (ie, tumor lysis syndrome ) caused by the[merckmanuals.com] Characteristic signs of leukemic retinopathy include bilateral intra-retinal hemorrhage, white-centred hemorrhage, macular hemorrhage and cotton-wool spots.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] JAMA,272:234-7) Research question: Are gout and hyperuricemia independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease?[richtlijnendatabase.nl] A dilated fundus examination showed improvement in hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots.[reviewofoptometry.com]

  • Promyelocytic Leukemia

    […] can worsen the coagulopathy from DIC Supportive: if possible, hold PRBC transfusions, as this increases viscosity Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: Signs and symptoms: headache[errolozdalga.com] It was felt that many of the cotton wool spots were either a consequence of or exacerbated by ischemia due to anemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PTC is mostly observed in children and adolescents, and is characterized by headache as the main presenting symptom with clinical signs of papilledema, provided the exclusion[academic.oup.com]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Common early symptoms of hypertension include headache, dizziness, tinnitus, and chest discomfort.[amboss.com] […] range of comorbidities and management of patients with associated conditions, including rheumatic diseases, obesity, obstructive sleep apnoea, renal damage, dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia[books.google.com] Image in 2012: Three years later, the cotton-wool spot completely vanished.[atlasophthalmology.net]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    A 31-year-old woman presented with severe bilateral visual acuity loss associated with headaches and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When compared to the non-hyperuricemia group, those in the hyperuricemia group had an odds ratio for hypertensive retinopathy of 1.18(OR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.05-1.33, P 0.004).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , presents with a ‘wet’ retina (multiple hemorrhage, multiple exudate, extensive edema, and few cotton wool spots).[web.archive.org]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furosemide also can lead to gout caused by hyperuricemia, hyperglycemia is also a common side effect.[wikivisually.com] Cotton wool spots were present in 4% of subjects, exudates in 3% and pseudodrusen in 4%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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