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69 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache, Hypoalbuminemia

  • Preeclampsia

    The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org] We present a patient who, at 27 3/7 weeks of gestation, fulfilled diagnostic criteria for severe preeclampsia, including hypertension, proteinuria, headache, abnormal serum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man presented with progressive leg edema, had nephrotic range proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, moderate renal failure, and occult blood in his[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica

    Other laboratory signs of inflammation may include: thrombocytosis, leukocytosis, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia, and an elevated ferritin.[rheumatologyadvisor.com] Tension-type headache mimics. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2011;15:459-66.[doi.org] Cotton-wool spots were seen in one third of the eyes. Peripheral triangular chorioretinal ischemic lesions were seen in 10 eyes.[web.archive.org]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Laboratory findings on admission revealed proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, anemia, leukopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocomplementemia, and slightly elevated levels of serum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lupus headache is a proposed, specific headache disorder in patients suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).[1][2] Research shows that headache is a symptom commonly[en.wikipedia.org] Extensive cotton wool spots were observed in the right fundus, and retinal capillary occlusions were detected by OCT angiography of the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    The tests and examinations showed hypoalbuminemia (26.7 g/L), pulmonary edema, and normal heart function.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 62-year-old man with a history of hypertension was referred secondary to bilateral temporal scotomas and persistent headache for 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    In chronic kidney diseases with hypoalbuminemia, it is used along with albumin to increase diuresis and it is also used along with albumin in nephrotic syndrome to reduce[wikivisually.com] Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton wool spots were present in 4% of subjects, exudates in 3% and pseudodrusen in 4%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ulcerative Colitis

    […] methotrexate patients in the active comparator study included nausea and dyspepsia, mild alopecia, mild increase in aspartate aminotransferase levels, peritoneal abscess, hypoalbuminemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 5 days, he developed an impaired consciousness, headache, and neck stiffness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There were intraretinal hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots within the superior vascular arcade and nasal to the optic disc.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Weil Disease

    , p 0.033), hematemesis (13% vs. 4.6%, p 0.006), myalgia (91.5% vs. 84.5%, p 0.038), hematuria (54.8% vs. 37.6%, p 0.011), metabolic acidosis (18% vs. 9.2%, p 0.016) and hypoalbuminemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mnemonic for leptospirosis "LEPTOSPIRO " Lymphadenopathy Encephalitis (And meningitis) Pain in abdomen Transmitted through animal urine Occipital headache Suffusion (conjunctival[medicowesome.com] On the 7th day bilateral subconjunctival hemorrhages, anterior uveitis, and peripapillary cotton-wool spots were noted.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Pneumonia

    A low body mass index and hypoalbuminemia are common in Japanese patients with CAP, but the association of other nutritional parameters with the severity of pneumonia or length[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other side effects include: fatigue muscle pain joint pain chills headache vomiting decreased appetite rash fever PREVNAR 13 should not be given to anyone with a severe allergic[adult.prevnar13.com] […] present in almost any organ system, as follows: Central nervous system Bone marrow (may have necrosis with resultant pancytopenia) Lymphadenopathy Eyes (may have retinal cotton-wool[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Relapsing Polychondritis

    Laboratory tests revealed an increased inflammatory response (white blood cells 10,300/μl; C-reactive protein, 5.4 mg/dl), hypoalbuminemia (total protein, 5.9 g/dl, albumin[springerplus.springeropen.com] She gradually developed neurosensory hearing loss, vertigo, and saddle nose while glucocorticosteroid therapy and combined cyclophosphamide could not control her headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] wool spots and intraretinal hemorrhages), and in those with associated vasculitis one can see optic nerve involvement and cranial nerve palsies.[visualdx.com]

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