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279 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache, Loss of Vision

  • Retinopathy

    Some patients might report reduced vision or headaches.[symptoma.com] If the disorder is severe, newborns require laser treatment, injections of bevacizumab, or surgery to prevent vision loss.[merckmanuals.com] An ocular examination revealed multiple retinal cotton-wool spots and hard exudates. Interferon treatment was suspended.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Papilledema

    Abstract Headaches associated with papilledema may be both life-threatening as well as vision-threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., AJO 69(6), 969-975), and raised intracranial pressure (ICP) progressing to atrophy with loss of vision (Goodrich et al., Loss of vision in MPS VI is a consequence of increased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] wool spots In chronic phase , optic disc elevation and blurred margins, but no hemorrhages or cotton wool spots In atrophic phase (optic nerve axons have died), optic disc[kellogg.umich.edu]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If a patient presents with vision loss, IV methylprednisolone at 250 mg every 6 hours for 3 days is indicated to attempt to halt further vision loss in the involved eye and[consultant360.com] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Headache is estimated to affect up to 80% of Susac syndrome patients, but the relevance of headache characteristics and profile is not yet clear.[mdpi.com] ; and vision loss.[susacssyndromesupportnetwork.wordpress.com] Retinal edema and cotton-wool spots were observed. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral peripheral occlusive arterial vasculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Preeclampsia

    The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] One of the uncommon effects of severe preeclampsia on the eye is sudden loss of vision. This blindness can be due to involvement of the occipital cortex or the retina.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Common causes of headache in the puerperium are migraine headache and tension headache; other causes include pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, post-dural puncture headache, cortical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Use of this procedure varies among centers due to experience with the procedure and concern for associated complications that can result in severe loss of vision.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton wool spots were present in 4% of subjects, exudates in 3% and pseudodrusen in 4%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    A 31-year-old woman presented with severe bilateral visual acuity loss associated with headaches and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypertensive patients are advised to undergo routine opthalamoscopic examination even if minor signs of visual impairment appear.[symptoma.com] , presents with a ‘wet’ retina (multiple hemorrhage, multiple exudate, extensive edema, and few cotton wool spots).[web.archive.org]

  • Diabetic Retinopathy

    Late-stage diabetic retinopathy symptoms include: Blurred vision Eye strain Headaches. Causes Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by complications of diabetes.[betterhealth.vic.gov.au] She had subsequent loss of vision due to vitreous haemorrhage in the peri-partum period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first signs of nonproliferative retinopathy are Capillary microaneurysms Dot and blot retinal hemorrhages Hard exudates Cotton-wool spots (soft exudates) Hard exudates[merckmanuals.com]

  • Endophthalmitis

    He complained of a headache and blurry vision but denied having eye pain.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Postoperative infectious endophthalmitis is rare, yet devastating loss of vision or loss of the eye can occur due to a highly purulent microorganism or uncontrolled[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The occlusion of small arterioles may produce cotton-wool spots or, if the larger vessels are involved, branch or central retinal artery obstruction.[scielo.br]

  • Optic Nerve Infarction

    A 39-year-old man presented with headache, weight loss, bilateral subdural hematomas, pansinusitis, and visual loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We describe a case of acute and total loss of vision after lower lid blepharoplasty. This major complication followed minor cosmetic surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Exudative signs (Microaneurysms, dot/blot/flame haemorrhages, cotton wool spots exudates) are caused by disruption in blood brain barrier and are non-specific signs, present[oxfordmedicaleducation.com]

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