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43 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache, Relapsing Polychondritis

  • Multiple Myeloma

    CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com] A 72-year-old man, who had been in complete remission from multiple myeloma for 1 year after treatment that included lenalidomide, presented with confusion, headache, nausea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 再発性多発軟骨炎 Relapsing polychondritis (RP) 再発性多発軟骨炎 1 不要 有 HPS1988 HPS1989 HPS1990 HPS1991 HPS1992 HPS1993 56.[cell.brc.riken.jp]

  • Relapsing Polychondritis

    She gradually developed neurosensory hearing loss, vertigo, and saddle nose while glucocorticosteroid therapy and combined cyclophosphamide could not control her headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] wool spots and intraretinal hemorrhages), and in those with associated vasculitis one can see optic nerve involvement and cranial nerve palsies.[visualdx.com] HLA-DR4 has been linked to an increased risk of relapsing polychondritis.[symptoma.com]

  • Polyarteritis Nodosa

    A 20-year-old man presented with diplopia, headaches, chronic abdominal pain, and weight loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the posterior pole, this may manifest as hypertensive retinopathy replete with macular star formation, cotton-wool spots, and intraretinal hemorrhage in patients with renal[aao.org] Relapsing polychondritis vasculitis among others 6. Vasculitis associated with probable etiology includes a. Hepatitis B– and C–associated vasculitis b.[medlink.com]

  • Vasculitis

    Temporal arteritis is a form of vasculitis that involves the large- and medium-diameter arteries and leads to progressive headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Additional ophthalmic manifestations include isolated cotton-wool spots, cranial-nerve palsies, ocular hypotony, and pupillary abnormalities. 2 To detect these conditions,[dx.doi.org] Other primary vasculitides• Thromb Angiitis Obliterans• Behcet’s disease• Idiopathic Cutaneous vasculitis• Isolated Vasculitis of CNS• Relapsing Polychondritis• Polyangiitis[slideshare.net]

  • Optic Nerve Infarction

    A 39-year-old man presented with headache, weight loss, bilateral subdural hematomas, pansinusitis, and visual loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prior to optic nerve infarction, hyperemic swelling of the nerve and/or cotton wool spots in the macular area may be the only ophthalmologic finding ( Fig. 18–3 ).[entokey.com] polychondritis, polyarteritis nodosa) Hypotensive Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy Acute monocular or binocular visual loss caused by infarction of optic nerve as the result of[goodhopeeyeclinic.org.uk]

  • Autoimmune Disease

    Other findings included serositis manifested by tachycardia, dyspnea and pleural effusions, headaches, and hair loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton-wool spots in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. FIGURE 10. Cotton-wool spots in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.[aafp.org] Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an uncommon inflammatory disease manifested by recurrent attacks of auricular chondritis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica

    Tension-type headache mimics. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2011;15:459-66.[doi.org] Cotton-wool spots were seen in one third of the eyes. Peripheral triangular chorioretinal ischemic lesions were seen in 10 eyes.[web.archive.org] Relapsing polychondritis Typical FDG PET/CT images of relapsing polychondritis (RPC) are shown in Figure 5 [ 39 ].[arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com]

  • Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis

    A 54-year-old male, without any related medical history developed a severe headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Retinal vascular manifestations range from relatively benign cotton-wool spots, with or without associated intraretinal hemorrhages, to more severe vaso-occlusive disease,[aao.org] The major differential diagnoses for GPA-related airway disease include amyloidosis, tracheal neoplasm, sarcoidosis, relapsing polychondritis, and postintubation tracheal[doi.org]

  • Retinal Phlebitis

    Volume 1 covers the visual sensory system, the autonomic nervous system, the ocular motor system, the eyelid, facial pain and headache, and nonorganic disease.[books.google.com] Other features include Roth’s spots, cotton wool spots, exudates, retinal venous tortuosity, perivascular sheathing, and neovascularization.[reviewofoptometry.com] polychondritis Tuberculosis Syphilis Lyme disease Viral (Cytomegalovirus, HIV, West Nile) Intravenous immunoglobulins Inhalation of methamphetamine Cancer associated retinopathy[ejournalofophthalmology.com]

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