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26 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache, Scintillating Scotoma

  • Preeclampsia

    The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[] We present a patient who, at 27 3/7 weeks of gestation, fulfilled diagnostic criteria for severe preeclampsia, including hypertension, proteinuria, headache, abnormal serum[]

  • Retinopathy

    Some patients might report reduced vision or headaches.[] An ocular examination revealed multiple retinal cotton-wool spots and hard exudates. Interferon treatment was suspended.[] Late-stage diabetic retinopathy symptoms include: Blurred vision Eye strain Headaches. Causes Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by complications of diabetes.[]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    A 31-year-old woman presented with severe bilateral visual acuity loss associated with headaches and photophobia.[] , presents with a ‘wet’ retina (multiple hemorrhage, multiple exudate, extensive edema, and few cotton wool spots).[] Those affected may experience headaches or blurred or loss of vision. If symptoms of stroke start to appear, go to the emergency room immediately.[]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Common early symptoms of hypertension include headache, dizziness, tinnitus, and chest discomfort.[] Image in 2012: Three years later, the cotton-wool spot completely vanished.[] A 34-year-old woman presented with a short history of headache and blurred vision.[]

  • Susac Syndrome

    BRAO also can cause photopsia, black spots, and scintillating scotomas. [2] A good clue for the rapid diagnosis of SS in our patient was Gass plaques.[] Headache is estimated to affect up to 80% of Susac syndrome patients, but the relevance of headache characteristics and profile is not yet clear.[] Retinal edema and cotton-wool spots were observed. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral peripheral occlusive arterial vasculopathy.[]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    scotoma Carpal tunnel syndrome (5 %) or other peripheral neuropathies Physical examination of temporal arteritis Various signs are produced depending on the organ or vessel[] The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[]

  • Non-Cranial Giant Cell Arteritis

    scotoma Amaurosis fugax or permanent loss of vision Diplopia Symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica (if both diseases are present) About 50% of patients with giant cell arteritis[] […] head.12425 M3 - Article VL - 54 SP - 1273 EP - 1289 JO - Headache T2 - Headache JF - Headache SN - 0017-8748 IS - 8 ER -[] Additional ophthalmic manifestations include isolated cotton-wool spots, cranial-nerve palsies, ocular hypotony, and pupillary abnormalities. 2 To detect these conditions,[]

  • Carotid Artery Occlusion

    Case 1 was a 65-year-old woman who presented with a two-month history of headache accompanied by blurred vision of the left eye.[] Fundus manifestations caused by serum or blood hyperviscosity include optic disk swelling, retinal capillary microaneurysms, cotton-wool spots, retinal hemorrhages, dilated[] Your eye doctor may find mild to severe hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots in the retina (which can indicate poor or absent blood flow).[]

  • Carotid Artery Dissection

    scotoma, which is loosely defined as a transient visual field disturbance in the form of shimmering or arcs of light) Pain is the initial symptom of a spontaneous internal[] A 56-year-old man presented for evaluation of right-sided headache and pain behind his right eye.[] A fundoscopic examination of dilated pupils showed no evidence of hemorrhage, cotton-wool spots, or disc ischemia. No peripheral synovitis was noted.[]

  • Binswanger Disease

    scotoma visual migraine aura consisting of shimmering lights followed by a dark spot or partial loss of vision that may move across the visual field scotoma island-like gap[] Who Are We Foundation Team Specialists Staff Centers Behavioral Health Clinical Research Comprehensive Epilepsy Headache and Facial Pain Memory Disorders MS and Neuroimmunology[] Sudden rise in BP 180/120 and acute end-organ damage Moderate retinopathy will show retinal hemorrhages, exudates, and cotton wool spots Severe retinopathy will have papilledema[]

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