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268 Possible Causes for Cotton Wool Spots, Headache, Stroke

  • Preeclampsia

    The patient may experience severe headaches; pain in the stomach, dizziness and shortness of breath.[symptoma.com] Obese women are LESS likely to suffer a stroke or seizures from preeclampsia in pregnancy, surprising study says Preeclampsia is a dangerous high-blood pressure disorder in[dailymail.co.uk] This ischemic state can manifest as reduced arteriolar caliber and arteriovenous ratio, retinal haemorrhages, oedema and cotton wool spots secondary to arteriolar damage,[eyewiki.aao.org]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: Herein, we describe an extraordinary rare case of multiple myeloma with initial presentation of a left sphenoid neoplasm resulting in left-sided headache[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A literature review provided 84 reports from the license holder, 2 more cases of stroke in patients with MM receiving lenalidomide and a recurrent stroke in a patient experiencing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Examination On head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination, the eyes may show exudative macular detachment, retinal hemorrhage, or cotton-wool spots.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Malignant Hypertension

    A 62-year-old man with a history of hypertension was referred secondary to bilateral temporal scotomas and persistent headache for 3 days.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ea was calculated from stroke volume and systolic BP and adjusted by body area (EaI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cotton-wool spots, or cytoid bodies, are not exudates, but rather are retinal infarcts. Hypertensive optic neuropathy is a late finding.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Temporal Arteritis

    The present case is an 81-year-old woman diagnosed with GCA, who initially presented with features similar to tension-type headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ischemic stroke is a serious though relatively rare complication of GCA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One week later, there were multiple cotton wool spots in the posterior pole, a relative afferent pupillary defect, and subtle visual field loss in the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    Headache was the most common symptom (54.5%), followed by dizziness (45.5%), nausea/vomiting (36.4%) and chest pain (29.1%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blood Pressure October 20, 2016 A hypertensive crisis is a quick and severe risk in blood pressure that can lead to a stroke.[belmarrahealth.com] A dilated fundus examination showed improvement in hemorrhages and cotton-wool spots.[reviewofoptometry.com]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although chronic hypertension is a well-established risk factor for stroke, little is known about stroke risk after hypertensive encephalopathy (HE[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On ophthalmoscopy, grade IV retinal changes are associated with hypertensive encephalopathy, [7] including papilledema, hemorrhage, exudates, and cotton-wool spots (see the[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    A 31-year-old woman presented with severe bilateral visual acuity loss associated with headaches and photophobia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Incident events of any stroke, cerebral infarction, and hemorrhagic stroke were identified and validated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , presents with a ‘wet’ retina (multiple hemorrhage, multiple exudate, extensive edema, and few cotton wool spots).[web.archive.org]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Our cases showed arteriolar involvement and clinical symptoms characterized by headaches, dysesthesias, fleeting paralysis, personality changes, intellectual impairment and[annals.org] The aim of our study was to evaluate the laboratory parameters which are possibly related to the onset of Ischemic Stroke (IS) in essential hypertension, and identify the[alliedacademies.org] We describe a case of bilateral papillophlebitis with disc edema, scattered cotton-wool spots, flame-shaped hemorrhages, and exudates around the optic discs and in the macula[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Susac Syndrome

    Headache is estimated to affect up to 80% of Susac syndrome patients, but the relevance of headache characteristics and profile is not yet clear.[mdpi.com] 1747493017751737 M3 - Article JO - International Journal of Stroke JF - International Journal of Stroke SN - 1747-4930 ER -[miami.pure.elsevier.com] Retinal edema and cotton-wool spots were observed. Fluorescein angiography showed bilateral peripheral occlusive arterial vasculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Common early symptoms of hypertension include headache, dizziness, tinnitus, and chest discomfort.[amboss.com] Hypertension in the context of acute stroke/intracranial bleed Stroke/bleed may be the result of hypertension or vice versa.[medicineonlinepk.blogspot.com] Image in 2012: Three years later, the cotton-wool spot completely vanished.[atlasophthalmology.net]

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