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189 Possible Causes for Cough, Ejection Fraction Decreased, Orthopnea

  • Heart Failure

    Orthopnea may occur in any condition in which the vital capacity is low. Marked ascites, regardless of its etiology, is an important cause of orthopnea.[] RESULTS The concentrations of galectin-3 and NT-proBNP were substantially higher following decreased ejection fraction (both P 0.000), except for sST2 (P 0.068 vs. control[] A 23-month-old girl visited the emergency department with high fever, cough, first wheezing episode, chest retraction and tachycardia.[]

  • Hypereosinophilic Syndrome

    Patients usually complain of chest pain, dyspnea and orthopnea. HES can also result in widespread hematologic complications.[] Ejection fraction was mildly reduced at 45%. Bone marrow biopsy was performed, which revealed hypercellular marrow with 34% eosinophils and no blasts present.[] Case Presentation: A 43year old food vendor referred to the Haematology Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan on account of a 6-week history of cough productive[]

  • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

    Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029, India History: A 23 year old male presented with increasing dyspnea, abdominal distension, pedal edema and orthopnea[] And when the heart isn't able to fill properly, even if it contracts, and has a normal ejection fraction, you're still going to have a decreased volume of blood exiting the[] Recently, he developed severe cough and dyspnea, and his respiratory symptoms worsened. Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman presented to the ED with a 2-month history of shortness of breath, dyspnea on exertion, decreased exercise tolerance, and orthopnea.[] fraction of 10 percent (decreased from 25 percent on last ECHO 18 months prior).[] […] [email protected] Abstract A 66-year-old woman with a history of myocardial infarction 2 months prior presented to our respiratory department with several days of dry cough[]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Patients may be asymptomatic or may have manifestations like fatigue caused by reduced cardiac output, tachypnea or dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and hemoptysis[] However, as it progresses the LV volume increases and the contractile function deteriorates, thus leading to dysfunctional LV and a decrease in ejection fraction.[] Symptoms of mitral valve stenosis may include: Shortness of breath Cough due to fluid on the lungs (pulmonary edema) A rapid, fluttering heartbeat (palpitations) Dizziness[]

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    As the stenosis worsens, symptoms of orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea or dyspnea on exertion develops.[] The predictors of sudden death included a decreased ejection fraction, onset of symptoms and the presence of atrial fibrillation.[] […] or having trouble breathing Heart palpitations (irregular, pounding or skipped heartbeats) Fatigue Coughing, possibly with blood in the mucous that is coughed up Swollen[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] are often noted during normal pregnancies, the potential for PPCMP should be considered if these symptoms are excessive and/or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea[] The fall in left ventricular ejection fraction augments in succession end-diastolic pressure, left atrial pressure, and pulmonary venous pressure, further increasing the pulmonary[] Associated symptoms included cough, weakness, expectoration of froth, chest discomfort, orthopnea, wheezing, hemoptysis, and dizziness.[]

  • Constrictive Pericarditis

    Pathophysiologically, filling of the cardiac chambers is impeded resulting in orthopnea, tachycardia, and eventually shock.[] The LV ejection fraction may decrease postoperatively, only to return to normal months later. In the interim, digoxin, diuretics, and vasodilators may be useful.[] […] episodes associated with coughing.[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    In advanced cases, the patient must sit up in order to breathe ( orthopnea ).[] Cardiac catheterization confirms increased cardiac filling pressures, high pulmonary artery pressure, stroke volume, ventricular preload, ejection fraction and decreased afterload[] They can include: Shortness of breath Tiredness or weakness Swelling in your feet , ankles , legs, or abdomen Lasting cough or wheezing Fast or irregular heartbeat Dizziness[]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Approximately 4 hours after cesarean section, progressive orthopnea developed.[] One woman who had no change in the left ventricular ejection fraction during her first subsequent pregnancy had a substantial decrease in the ejection fraction — from 55 percent[] Later on, symptoms of heart failure start to develop including fatigue, cough, orthopnea, shortness of breath, dyspnea, edema, pulmonary congestion, chest pain, syncope, and[]

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