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1,370 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Many factors are involved, including the accumulation of sorbitol in peripheral sensory nerves from sustained hyperglycemia.[emedicine.com] Motor neuropathy and cranial mononeuropathy result from vascular disease in blood vessels supplying nerves.[emedicine.com]

  • Otitis Externa

    Nine patients had cranial nerve involvement. Twelve of 15 patients treated with medical therapy recovered, as did 11 of 12 patients that underwent surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The facial nerve, Cranial Nerve VII, may be involved and manifests as facial paralysis if the infection spreads to the stylomastoid foramen where CN VII exits the skull.[emdocs.net] nerve involvement did not affect prognosis.[emdocs.net]

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    […] in acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy (Guillain—Barré syndrome) is well established. 2, 3 Variants of Guillain—Barré syndrome have been described in which cranial-nerve[nejm.org] involvement is foremost; the most striking of these is Miller Fisher's syndrome, characterized by ophthalmoplegia, areflexia, and cerebellar-like ataxia. 4 The role of plasmapheresis[nejm.org]

  • Herpes Zoster

    View/Print Table TABLE 1 Ocular and Cranial Nerve Involvement in Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Structure involved Signs Time of onset (onset of rash Day 0) Eyelid/conjunctiva[aafp.org] nerve root and its associated cranial or spinal nerve dermatome that occurs 3-5 days after transmission of the virus.[physio-pedia.com] Treatment includes topical capsaicin cream, over-the-counter analgesics, tricyclic antidepressants, and anticonvulsants. 18 Cranial nerve palsies involving the third (most[aafp.org]

  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Medulla: 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th cranial nerve involvement, pure motor hemiparesis if the medullary pyramid is the site of the infarction; sensory motor hemiplegia if the[symptoma.com] Brainstem Infarction ‒ Brainstem lesions typically involve the cranial nerves and sensory loss of one half of the face and the contralateral half of the body. 1.[usmleforum.com] Clinically, in localizing strokes to the brainstem one looks for the "cardinal" feature of an ipsilateral peripheral cranial nerve involvement, and a contralateral weakness[tchain.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Examples of common clinical features include 23,24 : brainstem and cranial nerve involvement: optic neuritis internuclear ophthalmoplegia (often bilateral) trigeminal neuralgia[radiopaedia.org]

  • Herpes Zoster Oticus

    In neurologic examination there was revealed 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th cranial nerve involvement on the left.[tjn.org.tr] X cranial nerve were involved.[medresearch.in] Involvement of other cranial nerves by VZV is more rarely reported.[kjorl.org]

  • Postherpetic Neuralgia

    We describe a woman who developed postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) located on the skin areas of the left ophthalmic division of the fifth cranial nerve without ocular involvement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] View/Print Table TABLE 1 Ocular and Cranial Nerve Involvement in Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Structure involved Signs Time of onset (onset of rash Day 0) Eyelid/conjunctiva[aafp.org] TABLE 1 Ocular and Cranial Nerve Involvement in Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus Structure involved Signs Time of onset (onset of rash Day 0) Eyelid/conjunctiva Blepharoconjunctivitis[web.archive.org]

  • Bell's Palsy

    nerves involved recurrent palsy no recovery after 6-8 weeks MRI Enhancement of the nerve is not seen in all patients with Bell palsy, reported variably between 57-100%.[radiopaedia.org] Red Flags of Facial Nerve Palsy 1,2,9 Cranial Nerve involvement other than CN VII Bilateral facial palsy Step-wise progression of facial palsy or slowly progressive beyond[emdocs.net] […] decompressive surgery is being contemplated atypical signs and symptoms suggest another diagnosis may be possible: slow progressive palsy spasm preceding palsy multiple cranial[radiopaedia.org]

  • Sarcoidosis

    No actual sensory deficit Ankle reflexes abolished Cranial nerve involvement No No Facial diplegia No No No No No No No No CSF cells/ml n.d. n.d. 36 lymph. 3 lymph. n.d. 1[doi.org] Peripheral nerve or cranial nerve involvement with sarcoidosis often does not need to be treated, or it will respond to a short course of steroids.[clinicaladvisor.com]

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