Create issue ticket

96 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[orthobullets.com] Diagnosis Electrodiagnostic tests MRI of the brain and, if no cranial nerve involvement, cervical spine Laboratory tests to check for other, treatable causes Diagnosis of[merckmanuals.com] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[symptoma.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[aetna.com] Symptoms may be sensory or motor or mixed, including cranial nerve involvement, e.g. trigeminal neuralgia or optic neuritis .[radiopaedia.org]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] Symptoms may be sensory or motor or mixed, including cranial nerve involvement, e.g. trigeminal neuralgia or optic neuritis .[radiopaedia.org]

  • Hemiparesis

    Strength changes will be investigated by measuring muscle hypertrophy, hyperreflexia, and passive stiffness.[clinicaltrials.gov] Long-tract signs included an equivocal right toe and a down-going left toe. She walked towards her mother with a slight limp favoring the right side.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] Conclusion: This is the first reported case of multiple cranial nerve involvement in a case of Hashimoto's encephalopathy.[ijcasereportsandimages.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    People with this condition can also experience exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), ankle spasms, high-arched feet (pes cavus), and reduced bladder control.[icdlist.com] nerve involvement.[explainmedicine.com] HSP. 9 Important negative findings on examination are normal cranial nerve function and no evidence of corticobulbar tract involvement.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Myelopathy

    […] depending on the level of the lesion and include local pain , stiffness, and impaired sensation, hypotonia , and hyporeflexia at the level of the lesion, and spasticity and hyperreflexia[amboss.com] Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[neurosurgery.ucla.edu] The two conditions can mimic each other quite closely clinically, provided the neuropathy has not (yet) involved the cranial nerves, and every effort must be made to avoid[pn.bmj.com]

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    […] disease of middle age, characterized by bilateral spasticity of the facial and deglutitive muscles, resulting in dysarthria, dysphonia, dysphagia, drooling, facial weakness, hyperreflexia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Strangled, effortful voice. la la la is forced, slow, clumsy Emotions - labile Other - bilateral upper motor neuron (long tract) limb signs.[quizlet.com] This is in contrast to bulbar palsy , which is a lower motor neurone syndrome involving the lowermost cranial nerves.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Polyneuritis

    Our patient presented with polyneuritis cranialis with limb hyperreflexia.[annalsofian.org] One syndrome described by Garcin was a step-by-step ipsilateral involvement of all 12 cranial nerves unilaterally, without the rise of intracranial pressure and long-tract[medlink.com] The commonest cranial nerve involved is trigeminal nerve, followed closely by facial nerve.[ijdvl.com]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[trauma.org] In the under 8 age group especially, there is a high proportion of missed craniocervical injuries with/ without associated cranial nerve involvement. plain film imaging of[rch.org.au] Autonomic hyperreflexia occurs because nerve messages that were once able to go up the spinal cord to the brain are blocked.[uiortho.com]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Hyperreflexia does not exclude GBS or one of its variants [18].[vdocuments.us] tract signs pharyngeal-cervical-brachial arm weakness, dysphagia and facial weakness pandysautonomia diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, ileus, orthostatic hypotension[lifeinthefastlane.com] Redefining the Guillain-Barré spectrum in children: neuroimaging findings of cranial nerve involvement. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Apr;32(4):639-42. PMID: 21292802 .[pedemmorsels.com]

Similar symptoms