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17 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Interstitial Pneumonitis, Subacute Transverse Myelitis

  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    In patients with AIDS, Epstein-Barr virus is associated with hairy leukoplakia, leiomyosarcoma, CNS lymphoma, and lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis in children.[] […] in acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy (Guillain—Barré syndrome) is well established. 2, 3 Variants of Guillain—Barré syndrome have been described in which cranial-nerve[] However, it may occasionally cause a syndrome of fever, interstitial pneumonitis, pancytopenia, and uveitis (ie, chronic active EBV).[]

  • Herpes Zoster

    Pulmonary involvement is characterized by interstitial pneumonitis, multinucleated giant cell formation, intranuclear inclusions, and pulmonary hemorrhage.[] Herpes zoster cranial neuropathy (or polyneuropathy) without skin lesions, subcategorized by the cranial nerves involved. Group 3.[] Disseminated disease can lead to herpes encephalitis/meningitis, hepatitis/hepatic failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, adrenal necrosis, interstitial pneumonitis[]

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    pneumonia [UIP]).[] Transverse myelitis, subacute-to-chronic demyelinating syndromes, and abrupt vascular occlusive events (e.g., spinal artery thrombosis) have been described.[] She was positive for anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody and had typical cranial and longitudinally extended spinal lesions but no optic nerve involvement.[]

  • Poliomyelitis

    […] fibrosing alveolitis, chronic form (disorder), Usual interstitial pneumonia, fibrosis; lung, idiopathic, lung; fibrosis, idiopathic, Usual interstitial pneumonitis [Ambiguous[] Baker recognized the essential involvement of the vagal nerve in respiratory distress, but also observed that involvement of vital centers without cranial nerve involvement[] Speech Therapy Patients with cranial nerve involvement may develop swallowing dysfunction.[]

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    This patient developed interstitial pneumonitis later with acute respiratory failure that was attributed to disseminated TB and CMV pneumonitis.[] Symptoms include those related to cranial nerve involvement as well as headache, decreased level of consciousness and neck stiffness.[] The base of the brain is often involved, so that various cranial nerve signs may be present.[]

  • Primary HIV Infection

    Bronchoscopy and open-lung biopsy revealed interstitial pneumonitis with lymphocytes and plasma cells.[] A headache, neck stiffness, encephalitis, aseptic meningitis and cranial nerve V or VII involvement can also be the presenting manifestations in some patients.[] Cranial nerve involvement may be observed. Cranial nerve VII is affected predominantly; sometimes, nerves V and/or VIII are also affected.[]

  • Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis

    One month before admission, the patient had developed a severe nonproductive cough that was diagnosed as interstitial pneumonitis and treated with moxifloxacin hydrochloride[] […] meningoencephalitis meningomyelitis Type 1 Excludes encephalopathy NOS ( G93.40 ) Type 2 Excludes acute transverse myelitis ( G37.3- ) alcoholic encephalopathy ( G31.2 )[] Results: A 51-year-old male was diagnosed with GBS twelve years ago with a rapidly-ascending motor paralysis and areflexia without cranial nerve involvement.[]

  • Paraparesis

    Thoracic computed tomographic scans were normal in 9 of 10 patients and showed mild interstitial pneumonitis in 1.[] Demyelinating: Multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica (Devic’s disease), subacute combined degeneration of the cord, transverse myelitis (HSV, VZV, HIV, paraneoplastic,[] Cranial nerve lesions. Upper limb tremor. Absent or reduced ankle reflex.[]

  • Cytomegalovirus

    Cytomegalovirus inclusions are present in the nodular lesions. ii) Diffuse interstitial pneumonitis: Features range from mild to a pattern of diffuse alveolar damage.[] Focal neurological signs and cranial nerve palsies are uncommon to rare.[] These typical findings always were associated with a diffuse interstitial pneumonitis.[]

  • Juvenile Paralysis Agitans of Hunt

    pneumonitis 2016 2017 2018 2019 Billable/Specific Code Applicable To Hamman-Rich syndrome Type 1 Excludes pneumocystis pneumonia ( B59 ) Hammer toe (acquired) - see also[] myelitis in demyelinating disease of central nervous system Acute transverse myelitis NOS Acute transverse myelopathy Excludes1: multiple sclerosis (G35) neuromyelitis optica[] Peripheral paralysis is a flaccid paralysis that involves the motor cells of the spinal cord and its anterior roots, peripheral nerves, plexuses, or nuclei of the cranial[]

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