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47 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Nystagmus, Rotary Nystagmus

  • Brain Stem Disorder

    Clinically, in localizing strokes to the brainstem one looks for the "cardinal" feature of an ipsilateral peripheral cranial nerve involvement, and a contralateral weakness[] In the author's experience, these patients often exhibit rebound nystagmus, which is a variant of gaze-evoked nystagmus.[] Each brainstem stroke syndrome has a characteristic clinical picture according to the involved area, however, generally there is ipsilateral cranial nerve palsy and contralateral[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Examples of common clinical features include 23,24 : brainstem and cranial nerve involvement: optic neuritis internuclear ophthalmoplegia (often bilateral) trigeminal neuralgia[] Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[] However, a few radiological cases have documented an involvement of peripheral cranial nerves, within the subarachnoid space, in MS patients.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Examples of common clinical features include 23,24 : brainstem and cranial nerve involvement: optic neuritis internuclear ophthalmoplegia (often bilateral) trigeminal neuralgia[] […] muscle spasms, or difficulty in moving; difficulties with coordination and balance (ataxia); problems in speech (dysarthria) or swallowing (dysphagia), visual problems (nystagmus[]

  • Nystagmus

    ‘Dysmetria, nystagmus, and cranial nerve palsies, especially involving the sixth and third nerves, may result from lesions of the brain stem and cerebellum.’[] The most common types of infantile nystagmus are 'congenital nystagmus' (CN) and latent/manifest latent nystagmus (LMLN).[] They can move: side to side (horizontal nystagmus) up and down (vertical nystagmus) in a circle (rotary nystagmus) The movement can vary between slow and fast and usually[]

  • Lateral Medullary Syndrome

    There was a close correlation between hiccups and symptoms of cerebellar, vestibular and 5 th, 9 th and 10 th cranial nerve involvement.[] Abstract Torsional nystagmus was recorded in 3 patients with the lateral medullary syndrome.[] Sequelae at 5 months were bilateral exophoria, head tilt, rotary nystagmus, and hypoesthesia of right face. [ 1 ] COMMENT.[]

  • Diffuse Serous Labyrinthitis

    Cranial nerve involvement is reported to be present at MRI in less than 50% of cases [ 3 , 10 , 13 ].[] Edit this paragraph signs and symptoms, vertigo, nystagmus, nausea, vomiting, nystagmus horizontal rotation, the the nystagmus direction toward the sick side, toward the healthy[] Vertigo and rotary nystagmus are seen on dix halpike with the affected ear down.[]

  • Infantile Periodic Alternating Nystagmus

    The ophthalmoplegia is thought to arise from vitamin E deficiency leading to demyelination of the cranial nerves (50).[] The female had nystagmus present on EMR only and all patients showed (a)periodicity to their nystagmus.[] nystagmus, variable eye direction Postural nystagmus Rebound nystagmus Retraction nystagmus Rotary nystagmus Rotational nystagmus See-saw nystagmus Sensory nystagmus Spontaneous[]

  • Vestibular Neuronitis

    The condition results from a selective inflammation of the vestibular nerve (eighth cranial nerve).[] Abstract We evaluated the vestibular functions, especially for positional nystagmus and caloric nystagmus, in 43 cases of vestibular neuronitis for long periods after its[] The only physical finding is nystagmus. It is fine horizontal or rotary. It is always directed away from the side of the lesion. The disease is benign.[]

  • Cerebellar Disease

    nerve palsies involving 9,10,12 or signs and symptoms of Syringomyelia Investigations include MRI scan for diagnosis and classification.[] Abstract Three abnormalities of eye movement in man are described which are indicative of cerebellar system disorder, namely, centripetally beating nystagmus, failure to maintain[] Involuntary, rapid oscillation of the eyeballs in a horizontal, vertical, or rotary direction, with the fast component maximal toward the side of the cerebellar lesion Scanning[]

  • Scorpion Sting

    Contrary to world literature, there have been no reports of cranial nerve palsies or neuromuscular involvement in our series.[] In addition he has had difficulty walking, abnormal movements where he clenches his fists, draws his feet up, numbness of his tongue, and rotary nystagmus.[] The initial symptoms were local pain, irritability, excessive salivation, and nystagmus.[]

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