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237 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Orbital Cellulitis

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Many factors are involved, including the accumulation of sorbitol in peripheral sensory nerves from sustained hyperglycemia.[emedicine.com] Motor neuropathy and cranial mononeuropathy result from vascular disease in blood vessels supplying nerves.[emedicine.com]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    However, cranial nerve involvement other than 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, and 6 th is rare in literature.[neurologyindia.com] A case of cavernous sinus thrombosis is usually a complication of severe orbital cellulitis and meningitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Sinusitis

    No other cranial nerves were involved. An otological procedure resulted in complete recovery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We report a case with orbital cellulitis and irreversible visual loss caused by asymptomatic acute sinusitis in a patient without symptoms or history of sinusitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orbital cellulitis (orbital/preseptal/postseptal cellulitis) accounted for 32.8% of patients, intracranial complications (epidural/subdural abscess, cavernous sinus thrombosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cavernous Sinus Aneurysm

    […] multiple cranial nerves, ptosis, proptosis, arterialization of the conjunctival vessels, and facial pain with hypesthesia within the dermatome of the trigeminal nerve.[synchropublisher.com] Summary We report the case of a girl who developed features of left orbital cellulitis with rapid amaurosis.[ijo.in] […] any of the cranial nerves traversing the cavernous sinus : III, IV, V (V1 and V2) and VI trigeminal schwannoma is the most common cavernous hemangioma lymphoma metastatic[radiopaedia.org]

  • Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis

    Cranial nerve involvement causing diplopia, restricted eye movements and visual field defects. Black discharge may also be seen in cutaneous variants.[patient.info] Computed tomography findings of rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis and bacterial orbital cellulitis. A.[journals.plos.org] His sinusitis/rhinitis noted on admission did not respond to intravenous antibiotic therapy and progressed with obvious left orbital involvement and left cranial nerve palsies[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Periorbital Cellulitis

    By the time of correct diagnosis, both cases were advanced with lower cranial nerve involvement, CT evidence of ophthalmic artery and cavernous sinus thrombosis and, in one[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Understand the importance of sinus disease in both periorbital and orbital cellulitis.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org] Key signs Decreased visual acuity Proptosis Ophthalmoplegia Red eye Papilloedema, meningism or cranial nerve involvement. Consider cavernous sinus thrombosis.[kidshealthwa.com]

  • Painful Ophthalmoplegia

    In THS patients, the third cranial nerve was most commonly involved (76.3%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Based on clinical symptoms and MRI findings, a diagnosis of SOV thrombosis caused by orbital cellulitis was made, and intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics infusion was initiated[thejournalofheadacheandpain.springeropen.com] This article presents 4 cases of mucormycosis, including 2 with orbital apex syndrome, 1 with cavernous sinus syndrome, and 1 with multiple cranial nerve involvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orbital Cellulitis

    nerve palsies involving III, IV, V1, V2 and VI are common 9.[slideshare.net] Death Rates for Orbital Cellulitis Pub Med Health - Orbital Cellulitis[en.wikipedia.org] Cranial nerve palsies involving III, IV, V1, V2 and VI are common.[sites.google.com]

  • Brain Abscess

    Neurological examination showed stupor consciousness, neck stiffness, multiple cranial nerves palsy, and bilateral Babinski signs.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orbital Cellulitis and Periorbital Infections . p. 35.[journals.cambridge.org]

  • Orbital Apex Syndrome

    Cranial nerve involvement which may affect any or all of cranial nerves III, IV, V (V1/V2 division) and VI. Cranial nerves III and VI are the most commonly affected.[patient.info] […] sign of orbital cellulitis or acute systemic disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orbital apex syndrome is a localized type of orbital cellulitis, where mass lesions occur at the apex of the cranial nerves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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