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30 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Orthostatic Hypotension, Poikilothermia, Tick Paralysis

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Clinical dysphagia was observed in seven patients and six of these cases involved a lower cranial nerve while five patients without cranial nerve involvement had silent dysphagia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She subsequently developed pandysautonomia that manifested as a tonically dilated pupil, gastrointestinal dysmotility, urinary retention, and profound orthostatic hypotension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] paralysis , multiple sclerosis, carcinomatous meningitis Treatment Plasmaphoresis best effect if initiated within first 2 wks roughly halves hospital course adverse effects[step2.medbullets.com] hypotension, urinary retention, bilateral tonic pupils, fluctuating heart rate and dysrhythmias, decreased sweating, salivation and lacrimation Of note: Classification is[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Botulism

    The PNS can also be affected leading to cranial nerve involvement, focal or multifocal neuropathies, and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prominent features of cardiovascular failure were high resting heart rate, supine hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, and impaired baroreflex function.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] paralysis, myasthenia gravis, and the Miller-Fisher variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome.[web.archive.org] Rapid progression to respiratory failure and paralysis is seen in serotype F. [ 5 ] Signs Acute onset of bilateral cranial nerve involvement. Failure of accommodation.[patient.info]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Familial Dysautonomia

    Diagnosis As there is no DNA molecular testing available, diagnosis is based on documenting profound peripheral sensory involvement of both peripheral and cranial nerves,[doi.org] BACKGROUND: In patients with familial dysautonomia (FD), prominent orthostatic hypotension (OH) endangers cerebral perfusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Progressive renal dysfunction occurs due to chronic volume depletion and cardiovascular lability with supine hypertension and orthostatic hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hypotension as well as labile blood pressure that increases markedly during emotional excitement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Tick Paralysis
  • Polyneuropathy

    Standard supraglottitis treatment was instigated, but on day 4 of the admission, a vesicular rash and features of cranial nerve involvement (V, VII, VIII, X) developed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had sensory disturbance, movement disorder due to muscle weakness, and autonomic nervous system disorders including orthostatic hypotension and dysuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Toxic Causes of Polyneuropathies Type of Neuropathy Causes Axonal motor Gangliosides, tetanus , tick paralysis With prolonged exposure, lead , mercury Axonal sensorimotor[msdmanuals.com] Although only four patients manifested orthostatic hypotension during the head-up tilt test, CVR-R, responses to the Valsalva manoeuvre, and myocardial MIBG uptake indicated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Familial Recurrent Peripheral Facial Palsy

    Neoplasm: Pontine gliomas and leukaemia can cause facial nerve diplegia. In the former, other cranial nerves are also involved with raised intracranial pressure.[bhj.org.in] Differences in motor and cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease with and without orthostatic hypotension. Int J Neurosci. 2012 May; 122(5):233-6.[bumc.bu.edu] Called also waking paralysis. spastic paralysis paralysis with rigidity of the muscles and heightened deep muscle reflexes and tendon reflexes. tick paralysis progressive[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] disorder Genetic primary orthostatic hypotension Genetic progeroid syndrome Genetic recurrent myoglobinuria Genetic renal or urinary tract malformation Genetic renal tubular[orpha.net]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Peripheral Neuropathy

    hypotension.[nhsinform.scot] ., Guillain-Barré syndrome, porphyria, paraneoplastic, vasculitic, medications, tick paralysis, critical illness polyneuropathy, post-diphtheria, and buckthorn toxicity).[clinicaladvisor.com] Asymmetric Bulbar Cranial Nerve Involvement Proximal Motor Sensory Upper Extremity Many polyneuropathies are: Symmetric Most prominent Distally & in Legs.[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] Cranial neuropathy is similar to peripheral neuropathy, except that the cranial nerves are involved. Any of the cranial nerves can be involved.[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Miller-Fisher Syndrome

    She underwent intravenous fluid resuscitation, and her blood pressure returned to baseline within 24 h, with no orthostatic hypotension; her pulse was 85 beats/min.[academic.oup.com] paralysis. 49 Figure 2.[eyewiki.org] Abstract BACKGROUND: Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a rare demyelinating condition which may have involvement of cranial nerves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Miller Fisher syndrome is a regional variant of Guillain–Barré syndrome and characterized by cranial nerve involvement and the triad of ataxia, areflexia, and ophthalmoplegia[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Peripheral Motor Neuropathy

    hypotension), which can make you feel faint or dizzy when standing up rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) excessive sweating or a lack of sweating problems with sexual function[nhs.uk] paralysis) C connective tissue diseases (e.g.[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] the cranial nerves ( Table 4 ). 8 Guillain-Barré syndrome frequently involves the facial nerves.[aafp.org] hypotension.[nhsinform.scot]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Paraneoplastic Polyneuropathy

    Orthostatic hypotension: see also the separate article on Hypotension.[patient.info] paralysis) C connective tissue diseases (e.g.[lifeinthefastlane.com] Multiple cranial nerve palsies are uncommon in paraneoplastic syndromes, and cranial nerve involvement is an infrequent presentation in anti-Hu syndrome.[neurology.org] ., Guillain-Barré syndrome, porphyria, paraneoplastic, vasculitic, medications, tick paralysis, critical illness polyneuropathy, post-diphtheria, and buckthorn toxicity).[clinicaladvisor.com]

    Missing: Poikilothermia
  • Myasthenia Gravis

    CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case of postirradiation neuromyotonia to be reported with such extensive cranial nerve and brainstem involvement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other common ocular signs are incomitant strabismus, external opthalmoplegia, mimicking motor cranial nerve palsies. The pupils are never involved in MG.[eyewiki.aao.org] The weakness usually affects more than 1 extraocular muscle and is not limited to muscles innervated by a single cranial nerve; this is an important diagnostic clue.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Poikilothermia

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