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404 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Paraplegia

  • Syringomyelia

    Syringomyelia as a sequel to traumatic paraplegia. Paraplegia. 1981; 19 (2):67–80. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Williams B. Progress in syringomyelia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spastic paraparesis: Legs Arms Skeletal Scoliosis Cranial nerve involvement: With syringobulbia Most often unilateral XII: Tongue weakness & hemiatrophy IX - X: Dysphagia[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] The cranial nerves become affected: Facial sensory loss can occur as the trigeminal nerve becomes involved.[patient.info]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    The most common form of autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia is caused by mutations in the SPG11/KIAA1840 gene on chromosome 15q.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pathologic features lower motor neuron signs loss of motor neurons within the anterior horns of the spinal cord and motor cranial nerve nuclei upper motor neuron signs degeneration[orthobullets.com] Pathogenic mutations in the KIF5A-SPG10 gene, encoding the kinesin HC5A, can be associated with autosomal dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia (ADHSP).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    We describe the cases of two sisters with spastic paraplegia 11 (SPG11).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examples of common clinical features include 23,24 : brainstem and cranial nerve involvement: optic neuritis internuclear ophthalmoplegia (often bilateral) trigeminal neuralgia[radiopaedia.org] Spinal cord atrophy corresponds to the usual clinical presentation of progressive spastic paraplegia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    […] patients and presents with optic neuritis and other isolated spinal cord/brainstem abnormalities, the clinical presentation of PPMS is comprised of two main symptoms - spastic paraplegia[symptoma.com] Examples of common clinical features include 23,24 : brainstem and cranial nerve involvement: optic neuritis internuclear ophthalmoplegia (often bilateral) trigeminal neuralgia[radiopaedia.org]

  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    nerves (3, 5, 7, 8, 9, and 10 th) were involved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this case, we present a patient with T cell lymphoma and multineuritis of NL diagnosed by MRI and as far as we know, this is the first reported case in which so many cranial[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bell's Palsy

    Medicine Florian P Thomas, MD, MA, PhD, Drmed is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Neurological Association, American Paraplegia[emedicine.com] nerves involved recurrent palsy no recovery after 6-8 weeks MRI Enhancement of the nerve is not seen in all patients with Bell palsy, reported variably between 57-100%.[radiopaedia.org] Red Flags of Facial Nerve Palsy 1,2,9 Cranial Nerve involvement other than CN VII Bilateral facial palsy Step-wise progression of facial palsy or slowly progressive beyond[emdocs.net]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    […] a rare neurological disorder which causes progressive paralysis, starting from the feet and progressing up throughout the rest of the affected person’s body ( ascending paraplegia[medbroadcast.com] Clinical dysphagia was observed in seven patients and six of these cases involved a lower cranial nerve while five patients without cranial nerve involvement had silent dysphagia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In 8%, the weakness affects only the legs (paraplegia or paraparesis). Involvement of the muscles that control the bladder and anus is unusual.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis

    Medicine Florian P Thomas, MD, MA, PhD, Drmed is a member of the following medical societies: American Academy of Neurology, American Neurological Association, American Paraplegia[emedicine.medscape.com] Fifty percent have cranial nerve involvement predominantly uni- or bilateral facial nerve palsies. Meningitic symptoms occur primarily in children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Approximately 50% have cranial nerve involvement, predominantly a peripheral facial nerve palsy.[jnmjournal.org]

  • Syringobulbia

    Tropical spastic paraparesis Systemic atrophies primarily affecting the CNS Huntington's Spinocerebellar ataxia ( Friedreich's ataxia, Ataxia telangiectasia, Hereditary spastic paraplegia[wikidoc.org] Spastic paraparesis: Legs Arms Skeletal Scoliosis Cranial nerve involvement: With syringobulbia Most often unilateral XII: Tongue weakness & hemiatrophy IX - X: Dysphagia[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] Paraplegia, quadriplegia and bowel or bladder dysfunction can result from the myelopathy itself.[patient.info]

  • Spinal Pachymeningitis

    […] pachymeningitis is less common, but when it occurs, it presents as a progressive radicular symptoms, the second stage by muscle weakness and atrophy, and the third stage is marked by paraplegia[japi.org] Cranial nerve VIII is the most commonly involved cranial nerve, followed by CN V, VII, IX, X, and XII, with equal frequency [ 4 ].[omicsonline.org] G04.1 Tropical spastic paraplegia G04.2 Bacterial meningoencephalitis and meningomyelitis, not elsewhere classified G04.8 Other encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis[apps.who.int]

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