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275 Possible Causes for Cranial Nerve Involvement, Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

  • Cavernous Sinus Aneurysm

    Tolosa-Hunt syndrome with reversible dissection aneurysm. Neurol Sci. 2010. 31: 777-9 Commentary ON THE TOLOSA?HUNT SYNDROME, CHIMERAS, AND DIAGNOSES Charles D.[surgicalneurologyint.com] […] multiple cranial nerves, ptosis, proptosis, arterialization of the conjunctival vessels, and facial pain with hypesthesia within the dermatome of the trigeminal nerve.[synchropublisher.com] […] any of the cranial nerves traversing the cavernous sinus : III, IV, V (V1 and V2) and VI trigeminal schwannoma is the most common cavernous hemangioma lymphoma metastatic[radiopaedia.org]

  • Oculomotor Nerve Paralysis

    Tolosa-Hunt syndrome ) orbital portion usually there is associated proptosis or other focal orbital signs conditions include intraorbital tumors ( optic nerve glioma, optic[radiopaedia.org] Lower cranial nerve involvement, leading to respiratory, swallowing, and cardiac difficulties, was also present.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In TolosaHunt syndrome, recurrent oculomotor nerve palsies also may occur; however, they are usually accompanied by other cranial nerve palsies ( 1 ). Table 1.[frontiersin.org]

  • Spinal Pachymeningitis

    Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis masquerading as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. J Clin Neurosci 2005 ; 12 : 589 –92 Charcot JM, Joffroy A.[ajnr.org] Cranial nerve VIII is the most commonly involved cranial nerve, followed by CN V, VII, IX, X, and XII, with equal frequency [ 4 ].[omicsonline.org] Hunt WE : Tolosa-Hunt syndrome : One cause of painful ophthalmoplegia. J Neurosurg1976; 44 : 544-549. 33.[neurologyindia.com]

  • Painful Ophthalmoplegia

    […] the cavernous sinus or superior orbital fissure Painful ophthalmoplegia Tolosa Hunt syndrome edit English tolosa-hunt syndrome Human disease Tolosa-Hunt syndrome Tolosa-Hunt[wikidata.org] In THS patients, the third cranial nerve was most commonly involved (76.3%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There have been no reports of an infectious organism associated with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Aetiology The aetiology of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome remains unknown.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Cranial Neuropathy

    Thus, for example, cytomegalovirus infection has been associated with anti-GM2 antibodies and Guillain-Barré syndrome variants with severe sensory loss and cranial nerve involvement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Two patients are described who had suffered for 12 years from episodes of painful ophthalmoplegia consistent with a Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) alternating with palsies[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ten patients developed Tolosa-Hunt syndrome during the course of their illness. Laboratory findings and CSF were normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    Kline, The Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, Survey of Ophthalmology, 27, 2, (79), (1982). M. J. A. J. M. Hoes, G. W. Bruyn and G. J.[doi.org] However, cranial nerve involvement other than 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, and 6 th is rare in literature.[neurologyindia.com] The involvement of the cranial nerves may result into painful, external ophthalmoplegia and ptosis.[symptoma.com]

  • Trochlear Nerve Paralysis

    […] such as sarcoidosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and Tolosa Hunt syndrome (2) or with infectious conditions such as herpes zoster, cryptococcosis (27), and rarely tetanus (28[neuroophthalmology.ca] […] on which cranial nerves are involved.[amboss.com] […] subarachnoid haemorrhage, Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, and Wegener's granulomatosis.[nature.com]

  • Abducens Nerve Palsy

    In conclusion, cranial nerve involvement in brucellosis can have good prognosis if anti-Brucella treatment is undertaken early.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] suggestive of multiple sclerosis, and Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a rare manifestation of Scrub typhus in the form of sixth cranial nerve involvement which responded to the treatment with doxycycline.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

    […] the cavernous sinus or superior orbital fissure Painful ophthalmoplegia Tolosa Hunt syndrome edit English tolosa-hunt syndrome Human disease Tolosa-Hunt syndrome Tolosa-Hunt[wikidata.org] In THS patients, the third cranial nerve was most commonly involved (76.3%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There have been no reports of an infectious organism associated with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Aetiology The aetiology of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome remains unknown.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Diabetic Ophthalmoplegia

    The patients presented with multiple cranial nerve involvement aren’t described in literature.[amhsr.org] Synonyms: superior orbital fissure syndrome, cavernous sinus syndrome, cavernous sinus granulomatosis and Tolosa-Hunt ophthalmoplegia The syndrome manifests as hemicranial[patient.info] Furthermore, patients with ocular diabetic neuropathy were significantly older than those with benign Tolosa-Hunt syndrome or ophthalmoplegic migraine.[aao.org]

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