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1,251 Possible Causes for Cranial Neuropathy

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Motor neuropathy may also involve the cranial nerves (most commonly the 7th and 10th) or lead to bulbar paralysis , respiratory deficiency, and death.[diagnose-me.com] A symmetrical motor neuropathy with weakness beginning proximally in the upper limbs is typical. Focal neuropathy can also occur, and may involve cranial nerves.[doi.org] Motor neuropathy may also affect the cranial nerves or lead to bulbar paralysis. Patchy sensory neuropathy may also occur [ Wikberg et al 2000 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Systemic Scleroderma

    Systemic Scleroderma (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissue, resulting in hardening skin, reduced vascular perfusion, gingival fibrosis, enlarged periodontal ligament, xerostomia, and trigeminal neuralgia. Secondary effects, including reduced oral opening and reduced manual dexterity may[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neuropathy

    , mononeuropathies, mononeuritis multiplex, cranial neuropathies, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-like motor neuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cranial neuropathy is similar to peripheral neuropathy, except that the cranial nerves are involved. Any of the cranial nerves can be involved.[medicinenet.com] Other forms of HIV-related peripheral neuropathies are discussed briefly, and include acute and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, polyradiculopathy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pilocytic Astrocytoma

    Abstract Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are the most frequent primary astroglial tumours affecting children and adolescents. They occur sporadically or in association with a genetically determined syndrome - neurofibromatosis type 1. Classic PA usually manifests as a well-circumscribed, often cystic, slowly growing[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertrophic Interstitial Neuropathy

    The authors describe a patient with complex cranial neuropathy caused by pathologically proved hypertrophic interstitial neuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract American Journal of Neuroradiology November 1992, 13 (6) 1552-1554; Abstract The authors describe a patient with complex cranial neuropathy caused by pathologically[ajnr.org] TY - JOUR T1 - Cranial hypertrophic interstitial neuropathy.[unboundmedicine.com]

  • Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

    We report 14 patients with idiopathic recurrent cranial neuropathy, in whom multiple cranial nerves were involved recurrently, either at the same or different times, and appeared[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia and ipsilateral cranial neuropathies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Recurrent multiple cranial neuropathies, neuroimaging findings, and long-lasting headache that responded to steroids indicated Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, further confirmed by extensive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Glomus Jugulare Tumor

    Cranial neuropathies. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7th ed.[medlineplus.gov] Cranial neuropathies. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice . 7th ed.[mountsinai.org]

  • Cranial Neuropathy

    Cranial neuropathy is usually idiopathic and familial cases are uncommon. We describe a family with 5 members with cranial neuropathy over 3 generations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report 6 patients for whom cranial neuropathy was a major manifestation of primary amyloidosis. In 3 of the 6, multiple cranial nerves were involved.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This rare etiology of a cranial neuropathy, arising from pathology in the thoracolumbar spine, illustrates the clinical teaching that the sixth cranial nerve is highly sensitive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Painful Ophthalmoplegia

    Perhaps it is only an occasional presentation of another rather poorly understood syndrome, that of "recurrent cranial neuropathies."[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient's pain improved immediately, and cranial neuropathy resolved during the next several weeks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This can be useful to verify the presence of an inflammatory cranial neuropathy or a Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome.[eanpages.org]

  • Otitis Externa

    Only 8% of the patients presented with cranial neuropathies; however, this presentation correlated with adverse outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In advanced cases it may give rise to osteomyelitis and cranial neuropathies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the setting of headache, cranial neuropathy, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and abnormal clival imaging findings, central skull base osteomyelitis should be considered[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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