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25 Possible Causes for Craniosynostosis, Mental Retardation, Wide Space Between the First and Second Toe

  • Down Syndrome

    Boyadjiev, Genetic advances in craniosynostosis, American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, 173, 5, (1406-1429), (2017) ., Practice Bulletin No. 187, Obstetrics & Gynecology[doi.org] A wide space, often with a deep fissure between the first and second toes, is also common.[dx.doi.org] Abstract Although there is considerable variability, most individuals with Down syndrome have mental retardation and speech and language deficits, particularly in language[oadoi.org]

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    A "new" clinical subtype is defined, which also includes anorectal anomalies and premature craniosynostosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] , short stature, microcephaly, mild mental retardation with behavior problems, eczema, and unusual and distinctive faci DUBOWITZ SYNDROME edit English Dubowitz syndrome Human[wikidata.org]

  • Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia

    Affected females had hypertelorism, broad nasal root, frontal bossing, craniosynostosis, syndactyly of toes and fingers, and vertical grooving of nails.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Craniofrontonasal dysplasia's (CFND's) phenotypic range includes hypertelorism, coronal craniosynostosis, frontonasal dysplasia, and digital anomalies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    These reports illustrate that the Chiari I malformation can develop rapidly in the face of increased intracranial pressure, craniosynostosis, and spinal CSF diversion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] It is extremely rare and typically causes dwarfism, mental retardation, intrauterine growth retardation and microcephaly.[symptoma.com]

  • Ring Chromosome 10

    […] q36.3 8922097, 10982483 case 12 [10982483] Edit 3 4145271_1 46, XY, r(7)(p22q36) [57]/ 46, XY, r(7) [double size ring, 2]/ 45, XY, -7 [2]/ 47, XY, r(7), r(7) [1]/ 46, XY [1] craniosynostosis[chr7.org] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] […] deficiency Mental retardation Mental retardation, nonspecific Mental-retardation [ more ] 0001249 Intrauterine growth retardation Prenatal growth deficiency Prenatal growth[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Seckel Syndrome Type 2

    […] and dental anomalies IL11RA Craniosynostosis type 1 TWIST1 Craniosynostosis type 2 MSX2 Craniosynostosis type 3 TCF12 Craniosynostosis type 4 ERF Craniosynostosis type 6[centogene.com] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] In addition, in some cases, certain fibrous joints between the bones of the skull (cranial sutures) may close prematurely (craniosynostosis).[rarediseases.org]

  • Cutis Laxa

    , MEGF8, MSX2, POR, RAB23, RECQL4, SKI, SLC25A24, TCF12, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TWIST1, WDR19, WDR35, ZIC1 Del Dup NGS Craniosynostosis, type 1 TWIST1 Sanger Del Dup NGS Crouzon[ctgt.net] Other reported osteoarticular features are: a wide space between the first and second toes; talipes equinovarus; metatarsus adductus; genu recurvatum or genu valgum; flat[scielo.br] While the patients with GORAB mutations have severe osteopenia, the patients with PYCR1 mutations have severe mental retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Kenny-Caffey Syndrome Type 1

    Cranio-osteoarthropathy Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia Cranioectodermal dysplasia Craniofacial conodysplasia Craniometadiaphyseal dysplasia, wormian bone type Craniometaphyseal dysplasia Craniosynostosis-anal[se-atlas.de] space between the first and second toes.[medcraveonline.com] Mental retardation of varying degree was found in all patients. All had severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation. Four patients have died.[scienceopen.com]

  • Atelosteogenesis Type 2

    Crouzon-like craniosynostosis with acanthosis nigricans Craniosynostosis (Muenke type) Antley-Bixler syndrome Craniosynostosis (Boston type) Saethre-Chotzen syndrome Shprintzen-Goldberg[emedicine.medscape.com] Retardation, Characteristic Facies, Short Stature, and Skeletal Anomalies KBGS 148050 Genetic Test Registry Kniest Dysplasia 156550 Genetic Test Registry Larsen Syndrome[ukgtn.nhs.uk] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Genee-Wiedemann Syndrome

    […] microtia, skin tags, significant developmental delay, cleft palate EFTUD2 gene on chromosome 17q21 Baller Gerold syndrome (OMIM# 218600) Abnormally shaped skull, coronal craniosynostosis[gynecology-obstetrics.imedpub.com] He had a wide space between the first and second toe of his feet and subungual fibroma on the second and third toe of the right foot and on the third toe of the left foot.[jmg.bmj.com] Miller An extremely rare genetic mental retardation-multiple congenital anomalies syndrome.[whonamedit.com]

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