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63 Possible Causes for Cup-to-Disc Ratio Increased

  • Open-Angle Glaucoma 1P

    […] in intraocular pressure (IOP), age, vertical cup/disc ratio, central corneal thickness and Humphrey visual field pattern standard. 4–6 Elevated IOP is a significant risk[touchophthalmology.com] […] glaucoma (POAG), which accounts for approximately 90–95% of all glaucoma cases. 3 This slowly progressive disease is associated with several key risk factors, including an increase[touchophthalmology.com]

  • Valsalva Maneuver

    Moreover, the optic nerve cup volume decreased and the horizontal cup-to-disc ratio significantly increased during VM (for both; p 0.05).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] VM did not have any significant influence on AL, subfoveal and peripapillary choroidal thickness, optic disc area, rim area, cup area, cup-to-disc area ratio, vertical cup-to-disc[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ratio, rim volume, cup volume, and nerve head volume measurements (for all; p 0.05).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    Fundus examination revealed an increased cup-to-disc ratio (CDR) in both eyes and a defect in the retinal nerve fiber layer in the right eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Friedreich Ataxia

    OCT measurements of horizontal cup-to-disc (C/D) ratio, vertical C/D ratio, and average cup area were significantly increased in patients with FRDA.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Optic Atrophy

    Examining optic atrophy: Look at the disc for its cup (there may be an increased cup-to-disc ratio if due to glaucoma ), colour (pale) and contour (clearly demarcated or blurred[ptpaces.wordpress.com] Pale colour of disc Increased cup: Disc ratio. II.Disappearance of optic nerve fibre layer with out increasing connective tissue.[slideshare.net] Glaucomatous optic atroophy It is specific for glaucoma: I.Characterized by deep and wide cupping of optic disc & nasal shifting of flood vessels.[slideshare.net]

  • Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm

    […] bilateral asymmetrical cup/disc ratios, with normal intraocular pressures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 41-year-old caucasian male was referred to the Glaucoma clinic at our tertiary referral centre with a diagnosis of normal tension glaucoma after the finding of increased[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myoclonic Jerking

    , optic nerve cup/ disc ratio increased, corneal oedema, conjunctivitis, meibomianitis, diplopia, glare, photophobia, photopsia, visual acuity reduced, allergic conjunctivitis[mymemory.translated.net] , ocular hyperaemia Uncommon: corneal erosion, keratitis, punctate keratitis, keratopathy, deposit eye, corneal staining, corneal epithelium defect, intraocular pressure increased[mymemory.translated.net]

  • Iris Atrophy

    Case report: This report presents a case of a 22-year-old female patient with unilateral glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, increased cupdisc ratio, iris atrophy,[dovepress.com]

  • Klinefelter Syndrome

    […] with a cup-disc ratio of 0.9 were assessed only in the right eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] While both eyes were treated with topical intraocular pressure-lowering medications, an increased intraocular pressure, visual field losses, and advanced optic disc damage[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hydrophthalmos

    Increased cup to disc ratio of the optic nerve: The optic nerve exam in a patient with glaucoma typically reveals an increased cup to disc ratio with vertical elongation of[clinicaladvisor.com] Optic nerve appearance in glaucoma demonstrating increased cup to disc ratio and vertical elongation of the disc. Photo courtesy of Robert W.[clinicaladvisor.com] Enzenauer, MD Increased axial length: Increased axial length in an infant’s eye can indicate glaucoma, and monitoring of axial length can be used to assess the stability of[clinicaladvisor.com]

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