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420 Possible Causes for Cyanosis, Facial Swelling

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    The increased venous pressure results in oedema of the head, neck, and arms, often with cyanosis, plethora, and distended subcutaneous vessels. [1] Wilson LD, Detterbeck FC[] Here, we report a case of facial swelling and severe bilateral pleural effusion secondary to superior vena cava occlusion in a 41-year-old woman.[] They include head, neck and arm oedema, often with cyanosis, headache, confusion and coma, distended subcutaneous veins, cough and hoarseness, and difficulty in breathing[]

  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    Observe the patient for rib retractions, use of strap muscles, and perioral cyanosis.[] […] and/or vision changes You develop severe head or facial pain/swelling How Can I Prevent Viral URIs?[] Children with serious laryngotracheitis (croup) may also have tachypnea, stridor and cyanosis.[]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    […] body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia radiation syndrome syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation Fallot's syndrome a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis[] Symptoms may include: Fatigue and malaise Decreased appetite Weight gain and facial swelling Abdominal swelling or pain Foamy urine Fluid accumulation in the body spaces ([]

  • Jellyfish Sting

    We report a case of digital ischaemia in a 31-year-old man who presented with sudden hand numbness, swelling, and cyanosis 4 days after a jellyfish sting.[] The report emphasizes the requirement to consider unusual aetiological factors in cases of facial swelling.[] He experienced severe pain in his right eye, requiring narcotic analgesia, and had decreased visual acuity associated with right-sided facial swelling.[]

  • Serum Sickness

    However, dyspnea and cyanosis are not uncommon.[] There is also often facial swelling and lymph node enlargement. The kidneys are commonly affected.[] Children affected by urticaria The other common features of this reaction include: Fever and malaise Facial swelling Symmetrical joint pain and/or swelling – especially of[]

  • Pneumothorax

    In tension pneumothorax, patients are distressed with rapid laboured respirations, cyanosis, profuse diaphoresis, and tachycardia.[] A 75-year-old woman and a 65-year-old man presented with dyspnea, and facial swelling and abdominal pain, respectively.[] […] expansion, mediastinal and tracheal shift with large pneumothorax Signs of tension pneumothorax Deviation of the trachea to the contralateral side, tachycardia, hypotension, cyanosis[]

  • Anthrax

    The latter is marked by sudden dyspnea, cyanosis, coma and death.[] A 10-year-old boy presented with facial swelling, thick exudates in the nasal cavities with membranes covering the nasopharynx, shock and respiratory distress.[]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    The symptoms most often associated with PAH mirror those of more common conditions, including: Chest Pain Dizziness Shortness of Breath Fatigue Edema or swelling Cyanosis[] This condition is called cyanosis . Increased pressure in the heart makes the heart’s muscles work harder than they should. Over time, these muscles grow weaker.[]

  • Drowning

    Cyanosis —A blue color of the skin caused by inadequate oxygen in the blood. Dry drowning —Hypoxemia due to closure of the larynx.[] Bluish skin ( cyanosis ), coughing, and frothy pink sputum (material expelled from the respiratory tract by coughing) are often observed.[]

  • Asphyxia

    […] heart distended with blood (iii) increased hypostatic blood - The blood will contain increased levels of reduced haemoglobin and this accounts for bluish discoloration (cyanosis[] Cyanosis Post mortem fluidity of blood Cardiac dilatation Asphyxia is classified into different types Mechanical asphyxia. Chemical Asphyxia. Environmental asphyxia.[] This results in severe respiratory distress and cyanosis. Chest XR reveals reduced lung volumes and diffuse bilateral opacities.[]

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