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691 Possible Causes for Death in the First Years of Life

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    About 80% of deaths due to diarrhea occur in the first 2 years of life [ 1 ]. WHO estimated that worldwide, 1 child dies of diarrhea every 6 seconds [ 2 ].[omicsonline.org] However, a change in stool consistency vs. pervious stool consistency is more indicative of diarrhea than stool number, particularly in the first months of life.[link.springer.com] […] an estimated 1300 million episodes and 3.2 million deaths occur in under-5 children.[omicsonline.org]

  • Viral Lower Respiratory Infection

    Burden Bronchiolitis is the most common cause of admission to hospital in the first 12 months of life Influenza viruses affect up to 20% of the global population each year[europeanlung.org] More than 90% of influenza-related deaths occur in patients in the older age group In Europe, approximately 16, 500,000 cases of acute bronchitis are seen each year In children[europeanlung.org]

  • Anemia

    Most DBA patients are diagnosed within the first year of life. Potentially, DBA patients can live long and healthy lives with appropriate medical treatment.[dbafoundation.org] The disorder results from an intrinsic progenitor cell defect in which erythroid progenitors and precursors are highly sensitive to death by apoptosis (self-destruction).[dbafoundation.org]

  • Hypertension

    As a primary contributor to heart disease and stroke, the first and third leading causes of death worldwide, respectively, high blood pressure was the top modifiable risk[emedicine.com] […] factor for disability adjusted life-years lost worldwide in 2013. [38, 39] Between 2006 and 2011, there was a 25% increase in the number of people visiting US emergency rooms[emedicine.com]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Suboptimal control of BP is responsible for 13.5% of premature deaths and 6.0% of disability-adjusted life years [ 2, 3 ].[nutritionj.biomedcentral.com] One of the first complications of hypertension is impaired endothelial function.[nutritionj.biomedcentral.com]

  • Cold Exposure

    year of life.[encyclopedia.com] Illness and death from heart attacks, strokes, and respiratory disease increase in winter, even in countries with mild winter climates such as Britain and Greece.[encyclopedia.com] The newborn baby has an even more effective method of heat production in the cold by metabolizing brown fat, but this is almost entirely replaced by shivering within the first[encyclopedia.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Infection

    Burden Bronchiolitis is the most common cause of admission to hospital in the first 12 months of life Influenza viruses affect up to 20% of the global population each year[europeanlung.org] More than 90% of influenza-related deaths occur in patients in the older age group In Europe, approximately 16, 500,000 cases of acute bronchitis are seen each year In children[europeanlung.org]

  • Malnutrition

    There is an imminent need to promote exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life.[blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com] It is estimated that universalisation of optimal breastfeeding practices could reduce around 1,56,000 child deaths every year in India.[blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com]

  • Food Allergy

    Children with non-IgE–mediated food allergies, such as proctocolitis and enterocolitis, typically resolve their food allergy in the first years of life. [47] Allergic eosinophilic[emedicine.com] […] esophagitis appears to be a persistent disorder. [48] Morbidity and mortality Severe anaphylactic reactions, including death, can occur following the ingestion of food. [[emedicine.com]

  • Birth

    They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life.[medicinenet.com] From the end of the neonatal period and through the first 5 years of life, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhoea, birth defects and malaria.[who.int] Fact sheet January 2016 Key facts Every year nearly 45% of all under 5 child deaths are among newborn infants, babies in their first 28 days of life or the neonatal period[web.archive.org]

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