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69 Possible Causes for Decreased Central Venous Pressure, Hypovolemic Shock

  • Dehydration

    Low blood volume shock (hypovolemic shock). This is one of the most serious, and sometimes life-threatening, complications of dehydration.[mayoclinic.org] Dehydration causes a fall in plasma volume both at rest and during exercise, and a decreased blood volume increases blood thickness (viscosity), lowers central venous pressure[humankinetics.com] As dehydration progresses, hypovolemic shock ultimately ensues, resulting in end organ failure and death.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hypovolemic Shock

    Hemorrhage is the most common cause of hypovolemic shock.[symptoma.com] Central Venous Pressure (CVP) 35 Pulmonary Artery Occlusion Pressure (PAOP) also called Pulmonary Wedge Pressure (PWP) or Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure (PCWP) is usually[ehealthstar.com] Growth factors such as angiopoetins and vascular endothelial growth factors also contribute towards pathophysiology of hypovolemic shock.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Dass R, Nagaraj R, Murlidharan J, Singhi S.Hyponatraemia and hypovolemic shock with tuberculous meningitis. Indian J Pediatr. 2003;70(12):995-7.[degruyter.com] A review of renal/CSWS reveals three studies involving hyponatremic neurosurgical patients who had decreased blood volume, decreased central venous pressure, and inappropriately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical evaluation at that time revealed a central venous pressure (CVP) of 5 cm water; there was no evidence of edema and oxygenation was maintained on 35% FiO2.[sjkdt.org]

  • Hypotension

    The most diagnostic causes of unstability in polytrauma patients by RUSH are hypovolemic shock (64%), followed by obstructive shock (14%), distributive shock (12%) and cardiogenic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypovolemia Hypovolemia caused by blood loss ( hemorrhage ) or orthostatic volume shifts , for example, reduces cardiac output by decreasing central venous pressure and ventricular[cvphysiology.com] The number one cause of cardiogenic shock is acute myocardial infarction (MI). 2 Hypovolemic shock, the most prevalent form of hypoperfusion, occurs when the vascular system[journals.lww.com]

  • Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

    shock Tachycardia Hypotension (dizziness , collapse, shock ) Reduced vigilance Melena (black, tarry stool ) Hematemesis Hematochezia : indicates brisk bleeding ; may cause[amboss.com] Resting tachycardia suggests mild-to-moderate hypovolemia. 4 Signs of hypovolemic shock include systolic BP less than 90 mm Hg, tachycardia, decreased pulse pressure, and[journals.lww.com] Clinical features Clinical features of gastrointestinal bleeding UGIB LGIB Symptoms Anemia due to chronic blood loss Acute hemorrhage: signs of circulatory insufficiency or hypovolemic[amboss.com]

  • Hypovolemia

    Causes: Hypovolemic shock happens due to decreased blood volume, losing about 1/5 or more of the normal amount of blood in the body causes hypovolemic shock.[burn-injury-resource-center.com] Seven healthy male subjects received 0.4 mg/kg furosemide and LBNP, with equivalent decreases in central venous pressure (CVP).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with hypovolemic shock.[acls-algorithms.com]

  • Peritonitis

    Other complications can include dehydration, acute respiratory distress, sepsis , renal/kidney failure, hypovolemic shock, abscess formation and bowel obstruction.[draxe.com] Complications [ edit ] Sequestration of fluid and electrolytes , as revealed by decreased central venous pressure , may cause electrolyte disturbances , as well as significant[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Exsanguination

    HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK Hypovolemic Shock is a condition associated with exsanguination and hemorrhage.[russiarobinson.wordpress.com] Hypovolemic shock can happen with the loss of as little as one liter. 03-29-2007, 06:06 PM BANNED Join Date: May 2006 Location: michigan Posts: 26,307 Is the size of the person[boards.straightdope.com] Hypovolemic Shock Treatment To treat hypovolemic shock, measures should be taken to control internal or external bleeding.[russiarobinson.wordpress.com]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    This fluid deficit can lead to complications such as decreased cardiac output, hypovolemic shock, metabolic acidosis, multisystem failure, coma and death.[registerednursing.org] Weak, rapid, heart rate OliguriaIncreased temperatureDecreased central venous pressure # 53.[slideshare.net] Decreased urine volume. Decreased central venous pressure. Flattened neck veins. Hypotension . Pale, moist, clammy skin. Tachycardia. Tachypnea. Weak pulses.[nurseslabs.com]

  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome

    shock, ascites, and pleural and pericardial effusions. 5 This acute shift produces hypovolemia, which may result in multiple organ failure, hemoconcentration (hematocrit[mdedge.com] Indeed, cardiovascular system findings include decreased intravascular volume, decreased blood pressure, decreased central venous perfusion, and compensatory increased heart[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com] Cardiovascular system findings include decreased intravascular volume, decreased blood pressure, decreased central venous perfusion, and compensatory increased heart rate[asja.eg.net]

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