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212 Possible Causes for Decreased Lung Compliance

  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a common type of interstitial lung disease that results in scarring of lung tissue. Fibrosis of lungs results in coughing and shortness of breath, two characteristic features of the disease. Symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are nonspecific, with dyspnea and non-productive[…][]

  • Restrictive Lung Disease

    […] fibrosis of lung parnechyma decreased lung compliance impaired diffusion of gases dyspnea, first on exertion then later at rest[] Common causes of decreased lung compliance are pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonia and pulmonary edema.[] […] characteristics of restrictive lung diseases something is impairing the ability of lungs to expand and inflate causing decreasing lung compliance -secondary to damage to thoracic[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Hallmarks of ARDS include hypoxemia and decreased lung compliance, increased work of breathing, and impaired gas exchange.[] It is characterized by the acute onset of diffuse, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates secondary to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, refractory hypoxia, and decreased lung compliance[] [with] hypoxemia and bilateral radiographic opacities, associated with increased venous admixture, increased physiological dead space, and decreased lung compliance."[]

  • Pulmonary Contusion

    This blunt lung injury develops over the course of 24 hours, leading to poor gas exchange, increased pulmonary vascular resistance and decreased lung compliance.[] Large hemorrhages from contusions may lead to ventilation/perfusion mismatch, pulmonary edema, and decreased lung compliance. 6 , 7 Table: Characteristics of Pulmonary Contusion[] Chest Trauma Pulmonary Contusion Pulmonary contusion is an injury to lung parenchyma, leading to oedema and blood collecting in alveolar spaces and loss of normal lung structure[]

  • Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonia

    Lung function showed decreased pulmonary compliance; lung biopsy showed desquamative interstitial pneumonitis.[]

  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Additionally, the static pressure-volume curve is shifted downward and to the right as a result of decreased lung compliance.[] Fibrosis leads to decreased lung compliance and increased elastic recoil, which increases the overall work of breathing and inefficient exchange of gases.[] The replacement of normal lung with scar tissue causes irreversible decrease in oxygen diffusion capacity, and the resulting stiffness or decreased compliance makes pulmonary[]

  • Morbid Obesity

    Definition The overall respiratory problem is one of restrictive lung disease. Chest wall and lung compliance are decreased from the heavy layer of fat.[] Also, excessive adipose tissue over the chest decreases the chest wall compliance, and increased abdominal mass forces the diaphragm upwards and reduces lung volumes.[] Because awake MO patients already have severe alterations of their respiratory mechanics (10) (decreased chest wall and lung compliance, decreased functional residual capacity[]

  • Pulmonary Scleroderma

    […] disease - predicts worse prognosis) PFT’s (abnormal in 90% of cases): restriction with decreased lung compliance (not due to chest wall skin changes) DLCO: isolated decrease[] Technetium-DTPA Clearance Study: has been used to predict prognosis in some centers (more rapid clearance indicates more disrupted epithelial integrity consistent with interstitial lung[]

  • Ventilation Pneumonitis

    Depending on the pattern of ventilation a patient may suffer from restrictive lung disease (impairing lung ventilation) caused by decrease in the lung compliance.[] PEEP the higher of PEEPi and PEEPe - dynamic effective compliance reduced by decreases in lung or chest wall compliance or increases in airway resistance while static compliance[] Static effective compliance (Plateau pressure-PEEP)/delivered tidal volume. Delivered tidal volume Tidal volume-ventilator compressible volume.[]

  • Farmer's Lung

    lung compliance.[] If the exposure is prolonged and continuous, collagen deposition and destruction of the lung parenchyma occur with resultant decreased lung volumes.[] […] exposure is large, a dramatic increase in inflammation leads to increased vascular permeability, which can alter the alveolar capillary units, thus promoting hypoxemia and decreased[]

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