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282 Possible Causes for Decreased Lung Compliance

  • Morbid Obesity

    Definition The overall respiratory problem is one of restrictive lung disease. Chest wall and lung compliance are decreased from the heavy layer of fat.[openanesthesia.org] Also, excessive adipose tissue over the chest decreases the chest wall compliance, and increased abdominal mass forces the diaphragm upwards and reduces lung volumes.[openanesthesia.org] Because awake MO patients already have severe alterations of their respiratory mechanics (10) (decreased chest wall and lung compliance, decreased functional residual capacity[journals.lww.com]

  • Obesity

    Public Health. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2010 May 5. Published in final edited form as: PMCID: PMC2864630 NIHMSID: NIHMS194821 The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Public Health See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Summary Background It is well known that[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    The tissue damage in the lungs leads to poor compliance (the elasticity, or ability of the lung tissue to expand).[medicinenet.com] Emphysema causes a decrease in elastic recoil pressure and an increase in lung compliance.[doi.org] The decrease in elasticity of the lungs means that oxygen in the air cannot get by obstructions (for example, thick mucus plugs) to reach air spaces (alveoli) where oxygen[medicinenet.com]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Hallmarks of ARDS include hypoxemia and decreased lung compliance, increased work of breathing, and impaired gas exchange.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is characterized by the acute onset of diffuse, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates secondary to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, refractory hypoxia, and decreased lung compliance[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] [with] hypoxemia and bilateral radiographic opacities, associated with increased venous admixture, increased physiological dead space, and decreased lung compliance."[pulmccm.org]

  • Interstitial Lung Disease

    Any organ may be involved with the lungs, lymphatics, skin, liver, eyes most commonly affected in decreasing order.[lumen.luc.edu] […] manifestations to watch for: - Myocardial involvement (possible conduction disturbances) - Uveitis - Cranial nerve VII involvement - Erythema nodosa PFTs: Decreased volumes, compliance[lumen.luc.edu]

  • Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonia

    Lung function showed decreased pulmonary compliance; lung biopsy showed desquamative interstitial pneumonitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Additionally, the static pressure-volume curve is shifted downward and to the right as a result of decreased lung compliance.[physio-pedia.com] Fibrosis leads to decreased lung compliance and increased elastic recoil, which increases the overall work of breathing and inefficient exchange of gases.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The replacement of normal lung with scar tissue causes irreversible decrease in oxygen diffusion capacity, and the resulting stiffness or decreased compliance makes pulmonary[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Pneumothorax

    Gastric inflation can elevate the diaphragm, restrict lung movement, and decrease respiratory system compliance. 14, –, 16 Airway Adjuncts Cricoid Pressure Cricoid pressure[web.archive.org] Gastric inflation can elevate the diaphragm, restrict lung movement, and decrease respiratory system compliance. 14 – 16 Airway Adjuncts Cricoid Pressure Cricoid pressure[doi.org]

  • Restrictive Lung Disease

    Common causes of decreased lung compliance are pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonia and pulmonary edema.[medicine.mcgill.ca] Parenchymal Disease In some cases, the pulmonary parenchyma exhibits pathology which causes decreased lung compliance and thus requirements for greater pressures to expand[pathwaymedicine.org] Respiration Laboratory T heory Lung Diseases In a restrictive lung disease, the compliance of the lung is reduced, which increases the stiffness of the lung and limits expansion[medicine.mcgill.ca]

  • Bronchioloalveolar Carcinoma

    Bronchioalveolar carcinoma, recently replaced by the terms pulmonary adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), is considered a premalignant lesion. The clinical presentation is nonspecific, with organ-related symptoms of chest pain and cough. Both laboratory and radiographic findings may[…][symptoma.com]

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