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535 Possible Causes for Decreased Oxygen Saturation, Edema

  • Pneumonia

    In addition, the accumulation of plasma proteins results in a fluid build-up in the lungs, called pulmonary edema.[] Fluid management is critical to minimize the risk of pulmonary edema.[] Pulmonary edema makes it harder to breathe and harder for oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass between blood in the lungs and inhaled air, as these gases need to do for the body[]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    CHF Patients with CHF may cough but also have other symptoms and signs such as dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, rales on lung examination, peripheral edema, raised jugular[] oxygen saturation, decreased mental status, and/or a change in behavior. 11 According to the most recent consensus guidelines published by the Infectious Diseases Society[] An airway that is exposed to certain environmental agents, such as irritants or allergens, responds quickly to a cough and bronchospasm, followed by mucous production, edema[]

  • Cor Pulmonale

    In this report we describe a picture that is suggestive of severe pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale, with jugular stasis, congestive hepatitis and generalized edema[] […] expiratory airflow obstruction as evidenced by decreased oxygen saturation levels 51.[] The presence of peripheral edema in cor pulmonale is almost invariably associated with hypercapnia.[]

  • Deep Vein Thrombosis

    The patient began to experience edema and pain in her left leg seven months previously.[] Systemic signs included in the tool were as follows: increased shortness of breath, increased respiratory and heart rates, and decreased oxygen saturation.[] […] altitude cerebral edema), mainstream awareness regarding thrombotic conditions and their complications in mountain athletes is relatively low.[]

  • Heart Failure

    A 35-year-old woman with fever, edema and rash was admitted. Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed.[] Hypoxia increased minute ventilation and decreased the oxygen saturation and end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration in both groups.[] It would appear that he suffered over the last three years of his life from hepatic and cardiac failure, conditions that resulted in edema and potentially even hepatic carcinoma[]

  • Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

    […] male with unexplained severe pulmonary arterial hypertension with a seven-day history of progressive shortness of breath, hemoptysis, chest discomfort and bilateral pedal edema[] If oxygen saturation decreases, arterial pressure is adjusted or vasoactive drugs (e.g. dehydrobenzperidole or papverine) to avoid cerebral vessel spasm are administered;[] Hospital mortality (15 vs. 2.5%), reperfusion pulmonary edema (33 vs. 14%) and heart failure (23 vs. 3.3%) were all higher in group 1; however, after one year of follow-up[]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    Common ADRs ( 2%) included anemia (4.6%), peripheral edema (4.1%), headache (3.6%), edema and face edema (2.6% each), abnormal hepatic function (2.3%), and epistaxis (2.1%[] […] to keep oxygen saturations to a goal of greater than 90 % and to decrease hypoxic vasoconstriction.[] There is a risk of pulmonary edema in patients with pulmonary venous involvement or fibrosing mediastinitis when treated with PAH therapies.[]

  • Tularemia

    In addition, involvement of larynx, oropharynx, and retropharynx; presence of periorbital edema; and neck abscess formation were evaluated using CECT.[] Examination showed fever (40 C), hypotension, tachycardia, tachypnea, decreased oxygen saturation (90 % at room air), and bibasilar crackles and wheezing.[] In the oculoglandular form, fever, lymphadenopathy, periorbital edema, conjunctival injection, and chemosis were found.[]

  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

    One-lung ventilation, however, is not without complications, among which acute pulmonary edema has been reported.[] Asymptomatic decrease in oxygen saturation by oximetry and cyanosis are signs of methemoglobinemia; patients recover with conservative measures including supplemental oxygen[] Subsequently, the patient experienced a decrease in oxygen saturation. Methemoglobinemia was suspected, and the patient's methemoglobin fraction was found to be 14.5%.[]

  • Acute Kidney Injury

    A 72-year-old man who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery 11 days prior presented to the emergency room with abdominal distension, peripheral edema, and dyspnea[] Subsequently, the patient experienced a decrease in oxygen saturation. Methemoglobinemia was suspected, and the patient's methemoglobin fraction was found to be 14.5%.[] He developed severe upper airway obstruction due to laryngeal edema and underwent tracheostomy.[]

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