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359 Possible Causes for Decreased Plasma Volume

  • Anemia

    Pediatr Transplant. 2018 Jun;22(4):e13189. doi: 10.1111/petr.13189. Epub 2018 Apr 11. Author information 1 Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA. 2 Hematology/Oncology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA. 3 Cardiology, University of Louisville School[…][]

  • Hypovolemia

    Abnormally decreased volume of circulating fluid (plasma) in the body An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body.[] « Back to Glossary Index Hypovolemia is a decrease in blood volume, more accurately a decrease in plasma volume. Hypovolemia is also know as oligemia or shock .[] « Back to Glossary Index Hypovolemia is a decrease in blood volume, more accurately a decrease in plasma volume. Hypovolemia is also know as oligemia or shock.[]

  • Addison's Disease

    Cortisol and aldosterone deficiency together cause changes in blood levels of sodium and potassium and a decrease in plasma volume, which can lead to extreme dehydration and[] Urinary salt and water loss cause severe dehydration, plasma hypertonicity, acidosis, decreased circulatory volume, hypotension, and, eventually, circulatory collapse.[]

  • Therapeutic Phlebotomy

    Br J Haematol. 2015 Apr;169(2):262-6. doi: 10.1111/bjh.13280. Epub 2015 Jan 22. Aygun B 1 , Mortier NA , Kesler K , Lockhart A , Schultz WH , Cohen AR , Alvarez O , Rogers ZR , Kwiatkowski JL , Miller ST , Sylvestre P , Iyer R , Lane PA , Ware RE ; Stroke With Transfusions Changing to Hydroxyurea (SWiTCH) Trial[…][]

  • Stress Polycythemia

    plasma volume.[] It results from decreasing plasma volume and subsequent hemoconcentration.[] Since the Hct is a ratio between the number of circulating RBCs per unit volume of whole blood, an elevated Hct may be caused by a decreased plasma volume.[]

  • Acute Hemorrhage

    Within the past 15 years, significant advances in the imaging of multiorgan and complex trauma primarily due to the improvement of cross-sectional imaging have resulted in the optimization of the expedient diagnosis and management of the polytrauma patient. At the forefront, multidetector computed tomography[…][]

  • Essential Hypertension

    Plasma volume was diminished in hypertensive men.[] Chronic vasoconstriction of the arterial and venous beds leads to a reduction in plasma volume and predisposes to postural hypotension.[] This decrease was greater the higher the diastolic pressure (r equal to -0.434; p less than 0.01), so that it was only evident in the patients with diastolic blood pressures[]

  • Hypertension

    volume and cardiac output; both these alterations and BP can be decreased by weight loss in both normotensive and hypertensive subjects, 26 even when sodium intake is kept[] […] studies from early childhood to old age. 25 A BMI of The mechanism by which obesity raises BP is not fully understood, but increased BMI is associated with an increase in plasma[]

  • Hyponatremia

    plasma volume and increased serum osmolality 2 Secretion of vasopressin is normally stimulated by increased plasma osmolality via activation of osmoreceptors in the anterior[] For example, decreased effective plasma volume may occur with decreased ECF volume (as with diuretic use or hemorrhagic shock), but it may also occur with an increased ECF[] […] hypothalamus and by decreased blood volume or pressure via activation of baroreceptors in the carotid sinus, aortic arch, cardiac atria, and pulmonary venous system. 1,3[]

  • Pregnancy

    These changes are accompanied by a decrease in antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and plasma renin activity while the atrial natriuretic factor decreases.[] There has been some difficulty in establishing the normal hemoglobin concentration in pregnancy because of both the disproportionate increases in the plasma volume and the[] The shift in blood volume leads to ventilatory changes with a decline in vital capacity, ventilation capacity, and expiratory reserve volume. 62 Immersion is ideal for dissipating[]

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