Create issue ticket

535 Possible Causes for Decreased Vital Capacity, Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Sue displayed a restrictive lung pattern, evidenced by a decreased vital capacity and tidal volume with severe nocturnal dyspnoea, resulting in raised carbon dioxide levels[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] short-limb short stature Hydrops fetalis Short palm Enlargement of the proximal femoral epiphysis Decreased cervical spine mobility Osteopenia Sloping forehead Skeletal dysplasia[mendelian.co] Patients with scoliosis suffer from restrictive lung disease which decreases vital capacity, functional residual capacity, tidal volume, and increased respiratory rate. [4[joacp.org]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Other test abnormalities may include Increased total lung capacity Increased functional residual capacity Increased residual volume Decreased vital capacity Decreased single-breath[merckmanuals.com] […] forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity (FEV 1 /FVC) ratio.[radiopaedia.org] […] deficiency and uniformly destroys alveoli paraseptal (distal acinar): involves the distal airways Pulmonary function testing (PFT) reveals airflow obstruction, as evidenced by a decreased[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    […] in vital capacity by one third from maximum recorded · Tachycardia (heart rate 120 beats/min.)[medicalcriteria.com] Minor criteria include extremity edema, night cough, dyspnea on exertion, hepatomegaly, pleural effusion, decrease in vital capacity by one third from normal, and tachycardia[clinicaladvisor.com] […] loss 4.5 kg in 5 days in response to treatment Minor criteria: · Bilateral ankle edema · Nocturnal cough · Dyspnea on ordinary exertion · Hepatomegaly · Pleural effusion · Decrease[medicalcriteria.com]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pulmonary Edema

    A typical pattern of respiratory mechanics for a patient with residual pulmonary edema includes decreases in vital capacity and total lung capacity.[tele.med.ru]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    A 30 year-old Hispanic man with no significant previous medical history presented with refractory hypoxemia after flu-like symptoms. Because of progressive hypoxemia despite appropriate ventilator strategies, venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) was initiated for severe acute respiratory[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pneumothorax

    The main physiologic consequences of a pneumothorax are a decrease in vital capacity and a decrease in partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2 ).[emedicine.medscape.com] This reduces the size of the lungs equivalent to the amount of gas decreasing the vital capacity of the lung and reducing the partial pressure of oxygen.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

    […] forced vital capacity, a decrease in forced vital capacity remained an independent risk factor for mortality (decrease 10%; hazard ratio 2.47; 95% confidence interval 1.29[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] forced vital capacity, a decrease in forced vital capacity remained an independent risk factor for mortality (decrease 10%; hazard ratio 2.47; 95 % confidence interval 1.29[citeseerx.ist.psu.edu] In a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model controlling for histopathologic diagnosis, gender, smoking history, baseline forced vital capacity, and 6-month change in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis

    Vital capacity, functional residual capacity, total lung capacity, and forced vital capacity (FVC) all are reduced.[physio-pedia.com] Measures of expiratory airflow are preserved and airway resistance is normal and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1 )/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio is increased[emedicine.medscape.com] Evaluation guidelines is based on: o a diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) less than 39% o a 10% or greater decrement in forced vital capacity during six months of[physio-pedia.com]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    A decrease in vital capacity of 30 to 50% when the patient is supine supports the diagnosis of bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, whereas a decrease in vital capacity of 10[blogs.nejm.org] […] in TLC, vital capacity (VC), and FRC but without changes in residual volume (RV). 5,6 The severity of compression is directly related to the degree of kyphoscoliotic angulation[archbronconeumol.org] Lung function test in neuromuscular patient shows a restrictive pattern: total lung capacity (TLC) and vital capacity (VC) reduced while functional residual capacity (FRC)[shortnessofbreath.it]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pulmonary Disorder

    Other test abnormalities may include Increased total lung capacity Increased functional residual capacity Increased residual volume Decreased vital capacity Decreased single-breath[msdmanuals.com] vital capacity, decreased DLCO, usually no obstructive component Multifocal, bilateral alveolar infiltrates ESR, high-resolution CT, lung biopsy Congestive heart failure[aafp.org] Onset at any age; may be associated with history of flu-like illness, collagen vascular disease, or toxic exposure Often subacute presentation with dyspnea, cough, and fever Decreased[aafp.org]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

Further symptoms