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101 Possible Causes for Deep White Matter Changes, Dementia, MRI Scan of the Brain Abnormal

  • Stroke

    Early features include: loss of grey-white matter differentiation, and hypoattenuation of deep nuclei: lentiform nucleus changes seen as early as 1 hour after occlusion, visible[] Stroke is a strong, independent, and potentially modifiable risk factor for all-cause dementia.[] […] to identify abnormalities in the brain arteries (such as aneurysms) or other sources of bleeding, and structural MRI if this shows no cause.[]

  • Alcohol Dementia

    The CT showed prominent sulci and gyri with deep white matter changes. There were no other abnormalities.[] All about dementia types of dementia risk factors for dementia causes of dementia symptoms of dementia diagnosis of dementia dementia treatments long term dementia care alcohol-related[] Since dementia is not necessarily a unifactorial disease, alcoholism may contribute to as much as 25% of all cases of dementia.[]

  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    Several pathogenic mechanisms appear implicated in the causation the deep white matter changes of Binswanger's disease, and hypoxia-ischemia resulting from watershed injury[] Mixed dementia consists of a combination between multi-infarct and Alzheimer's dementia.[] . • MRI scan of the brain is always abnormal in symptomatic patients and shows signs of small deep infarcts and leukoencephalopathy. • CADASIL is an autosomal dominant disorder[]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    White matter changes (WMC) INPH is known to be associated with deep white matter changes (DWMC) and smooth periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) [ 51 ] on MRI ( Figure 2B )[] Frequency 6 – 10 % of all dementia patients.[] MRI or CT scan of the brain demonstrates ventricular enlargement disproportionate to cortical atrophy.[]

  • Alexander Disease

    Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed atrophy of the medulla oblongata and mild cervical cord atrophy, deep white matter abnormalities, periventricular rim, and signal[] […] congenital disorder of nervous system Alexander's disease Alexander's disease (disorder) ALEXANDER DISEASE Megalencephaly in infancy accompanied by progressive spasticity and dementia[] Months later, a friend encouraged her parents to push for an MRI scan of Elise’s brain.[]

  • Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Schilder

    change in the deep white matter.[] The clinical course tends to be progressive and includes dementia, cortical blindness, cortical deafness, spastic hemiplegia, and pseudobulbar palsy.[] Upper abdomen computed tomography scan showed no structural abnormalities.[]

  • Cerebral Angiitis

    Radiologic signs such as nonspecific white matter changes, deep location of lesion, and irregular appearance of the vessel on angiogram are more commonly seen in PACNS cases[] Conditions in which dementia or cognitive impairment may occur but in which dementia has not been reported as the primary presenting feature, conditions in which the dementia[] MRI scanning of the brain will usually show a diffuse pattern of lesions throughout the white matter of the brain, although the stroke-like type of cerebral angiitis may reveal[]

  • Marchiafava Bignami Disease

    white matter microstructural changes on MRI in relation to early-stage atherosclerosis.[] The Cerebral Metabolic Rate of Glucose (CMRGlu) was measured with positron emission tomography and 18F-FDG in a patient with Marchiafava-Bignami Disease (MBD)-related dementia[] Our report would indicate that CMH is an important factor indicating the severity of dementia in patients with MBD.[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Some other features, such as the presence of abnormal hyperintensity in the periaqueductal gray matter and posterior deep white matter tracts, were also common, and although[] Abstract Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare prion disease that leads to a rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) and associated neurological features.[] Other non-invasive tests can be very helpful, however: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans may be done to look for atrophied (shrunken) brain[]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    The frontal dysexecutive syndrome and personality change could be explained by the involvement of frontal lobe white matter and the sensory symptoms, diplopia, and increased[] Abstract A very challenging problem in the domain of the cognitive neurosciences is to explain why herpes simplex encephalitis and semantic dementia show, respectively, a[] Twelve patients (60%) had temporal lobe involvement, four patients (20%) had pure temporal lobe involvement and five patients (25%) had normal CT/MRI scans.[]

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