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5,454 Possible Causes for Deep White Matter Changes, Dementia, Multifocal Spikes and Progressive Slowing of Background Activity

  • Stroke

    Early features include: loss of grey-white matter differentiation, and hypoattenuation of deep nuclei: lentiform nucleus changes seen as early as 1 hour after occlusion, visible[radiopaedia.org] Stroke is a strong, independent, and potentially modifiable risk factor for all-cause dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We increase understanding of the causes of cerebrovascular disease and improve the prevention of stroke and vascular dementia in routine clinical practice.[ndcn.ox.ac.uk]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    white matter changes may be seen, with the appearance of hyperintensity on T2 sequences in the region of internal capsule, corona radiata, and splenium of corpus callosum[neurologyindia.com] The neurological disease complex associated with virus infection occurs in a large proportion of infected patients and is commonly referred to as HIV-1 associated dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Infection of the nervous system by HIV-1 commonly causes a broad range of cognitive, behavioral, and motor abnormalities called, in its most severe form, HIV-1-associated dementia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    It may be particularly related to frontal deep white matter lesions. 16 Cognitive and behavioral changes in SVD are due to disruption of the frontal cortico-subcortical circuit[doi.org] […] as a public health priority; increasing awareness of dementia and establishing dementia-friendly initiatives; reducing the risk of dementia; diagnosis, treatment and care[who.int] Memory loss is a common symptom of dementia. However, memory loss by itself does not mean you have dementia.[web.archive.org]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    white matter changes may be seen, with the appearance of hyperintensity on T2 sequences in the region of internal capsule, corona radiata, and splenium of corpus callosum[neurologyindia.com] , and alcoholic dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What Is Dementia From Toxic Substances?[dementia.org]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    […] to developing dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Article First Online: 26 April 2007 Abstract The incidence and prevalence of dementia are increasing. Dementia is a major cause of disability.[oadoi.org] , primary progressive aphasia, semantic dementia, Lewy body dementia, subcortical dementia, and vascular dementia.[oadoi.org]

    Missing: Deep White Matter Changes
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    We report the clinical, neuroimaging, and neuropathologic characteristics of 2 patients who developed early onset dementia after a moderate-severe traumatic brain injury ([ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Dementia; Lazaroids; Oxidative stress; Traumatic brain injury; Vitamin E; α-Tocopherol[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dementia is commonly seen as a problem of the elderly.[sciencedaily.com]

    Missing: Deep White Matter Changes
  • Lafora Disease

    matter signal, Deep frontoparietal cerebral changes at 10 years of age Child onset: Weakness Clinical Weakness: Proximal; Symmetric Muscle size: Calf hypertrophy Subgroup[neuromuscular.wustl.edu] The EEG records show a slowing of background activity and bursts of spike and wave which are generalised, multifocal, and often sensitive to intermittent luminous stimulation[jnnp.bmj.com] It is suggested that this type of presenile dementia may be a presenile form of Lafora disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    In the brain MRI, millimeter-sized chronic microangiopathic ischemic signal changes were observed in the periventricular deep white matter; no mass image was seen in the pituitary[reumatologiaclinica.org] Independent of adjusting factors, hyponatremia patients had 2.36-fold higher chances of suffering dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and non-AD dementia, than the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Stroke is notorious for doubling the risk of suffering dementia (post-stroke dementia), including both AD and non-AD dementia[ 37 ].[journals.plos.org]

  • Meningoencephalitis

    Nevertheless, autopsy of the patient revealed frank ischemic changes (subacute infarcts) in the deep hemispheric white matter ( Fig 3 G ).[ajnr.org] We illustrated a 53-year-old man diagnosed with dementia. Neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid studies disclosed meningoencephalitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HIV-associated dementia is the principal CNS manifestation of chronic HIV infection.[academic.oup.com]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    WE can mimic rapidly progressive dementia syndromes, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pellagra causes dementia, diarrhoea, or dermatitis, and can mimic non-specific erythaema in alcoholics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , Wernicke's dementia and Wernicke's disease.[verywell.com]

    Missing: Deep White Matter Changes

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