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2,021 Possible Causes for defense, melanization, of, response, upregulation

  • Influenza

    No significant upregulation was observed in either group of guinea pigs for TNFα, TBK1, IRF5, or IFNγ ( Figure 5 ).[doi.org] Seasonality of influenza Innate immune defenses The inflammatory response Adaptive immune defenses Adaptive immune defenses: Antibodies Virus neutralization by antibodies[virology.ws] […] and humoral immune responses to develop.[doi.org] Abstract Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is classically considered an illness of severely immunocompromised patients with limited host defenses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ardon: The vaccine for influenza is one our best defenses we have. Vivien Williams: Dr.[mayoclinic.org]

    Missing: melanization of
  • Urinary Tract Infection

    We report here that UPEC upregulates the expression of ethanolamine utilization genes during uncomplicated UTIs in humans.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The use of antibiotics as suppressive therapy or long-term prophylaxis may no longer be defensible.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, this homeostatic action often results in blunted adaptive immune responses.[doi.org] Numerous urinary tract infection (UTI) causing microbes regulate through biofilm formation for survival from host defense, it is often found difficult in its eradication with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] IMPORTANCE: Colistin has become the last line of defense for the treatment of infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics, in[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Skin Infection

    Capnodialean melanized fungi often thrive in extreme environments like rock surfaces and hypersaline microhabitats.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This review summarizes recent discoveries regarding the role of cytokines-mediated responses in host defense against S. aureus skin infection, and discusses their implications[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Mϕs were key to recruit PML within hours in response to staphylococci, irrespective of bacterial viability.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In contrast, recent clinical and experimental findings clearly highlight the critical roles of innate and T cell-mediated immunity in defense against these infections.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The innate immune system is the first line of defense against microbial diseases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: of upregulation
  • Sunburn

    Together the data may have broad implications for the immunotherapeutic properties of vitamin D in skin homeostasis, and implicate arginase-1 upregulation as a previously[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] When the defenses are overwhelmed, a toxic reaction occurs, resulting in sunburn.[livescience.com] We explored the relationships between expression of these lipid mediators and the clinical and histological outcomes, comparing responses of individuals prone and more resistant[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: In total, 3623 persons responded (response rate 50-59%). Skin cancer knowledge in 2008 was high at 97%.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Essentially, a burn is your body’s defensive reaction to ultraviolet radiation.[elitedaily.com]

    Missing: melanization of
  • Sinusitis

    […] significantly during PA challenge, but protein levels are downregulated 4 hours postchallenge and upregulated at 12 hours.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The translated versions also detected significant change in response to an intervention (P less than .0001).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sub-zero temperatures in Grafton, North Dakota Dow Jones Industrial Average Winter weather from Midwest to Northeast: Satellite, radar Senate resumes debate on Middle East defense[abcnews.go.com] Fungi usually feed on dead organic matter, but weakened immune defenses can allow fungi to begin eating tissue that is still alive.[upmc.com] CONCLUSION: Shared type II inflammation may be responsible for the coexistence of IgG4-RD and AERD as observed in our patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Emotional Stress

    These beliefs are fossilized in our present language — melancholy comes from the Latin words for “black” ( melan ) and “bitter bile” ( choler ), and we think of a melancholic[brainpickings.org] Estrogen treatment also upregulated the levels of cardioprotective substances, such as atrial natriuretic peptide and heat shock protein 70, in the heart.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The ability to resist stress is an important defensive function of a living body.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The associations between physiological and psychological responses to the TSST have been rarely investigated and are addressed in this review.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Specifically, the hypothalamus regulates hunger, thirst, levels of pain and pleasure, sexual satisfaction, and aggressive or defensive behavior.[coreonehealth.com]

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  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    Binding of gp350 to CD21 activates several pathways, in particular NF-κB, which results in interleukin-6 (IL-6) upregulation ( 6 , 45 ).[dx.doi.org] In theoretical base, it is not surprising as TNF-alpha has a crucial role in the body's defense against both bacterial and viral invasion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] responses.[dx.doi.org] It has recently been shown that EBV exploits these natural antiviral and cellular defense mechanisms to promote its survival and persistence in infected B cells [ 27 ].[dx.doi.org] A peak incidence during June to August was reported among patients in the Israeli Defense Force ( 67 ), which the authors ascribed to increased socializing of young people[doi.org]

    Missing: melanization of
  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    Mansur CP, Gordon PR, Ray S, Holick MF, Gilchrest BA (1988) Vitamin D, its precursors, and metabolites do not affect melanization of cultured human melanocytes.[omicsonline.org] […] were associated with human omental-AT expression of ATG5 mRNA, associations that remained significant (β -0.197, P 0.011; β 0.267, P 30%, including the obesity-associated upregulation[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major metabolites of thyroid hormone (T3, rT3, 3, 3'-T2, and 3', 5'-T2) were also normal and exhibited a normal response to the administration of L-thyroxine and propylthiouracil[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All had normal cortisol responses to insulin-induced hypoglycaemia. Ten children had normal growth hormone responses in the same test, while four had abnormal responses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] studies (serum triglycerides: 700 mg/dl) showed a further rise in serum prolactin (greater than 160 ng/ml), persistence of abnormal ACTH secretion and normalization of TSH responsiveness[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    John J, Pattison T, Kim J, Schrier RW: Upregulation of aquaporin 2 water channel expression in pregnant rats.[doi.org] Author information 1 Department of Internal Medicine, Japan Self Defense Forces Central Hospital, Japan. 2 Department of Pathology, Japan Self Defense Forces Central Hospital[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBJECTIVE: In this study, we attempted to clarify the difference in response to CRH stimulation tests for preterm infants with or without RAI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This potential impairment in anti-viral immune defense may contribute to the increased rate of respiratory infections and ultimately mortality in PAI. 2017 The authors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common cause of primary AI is autoimmune disease, meaning the body's defense system attacks and destroys the body's own tissues.[hormone.org]

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  • Otitis Media

    Abnormalities of this gene expression, especially upregulation of MUC5B in the ear, may have a predominant role in OME.[emedicine.com] In the early stages of otitis media the host defense system uses fibrin to entrap bacteria, and NETs function to eliminate bacteria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] responses to the advice.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pneumococcal infections are probably responsible for at least 50% of AOM episodes.[web.archive.org] The interplay between pathogens and host immune defense plays a role in disease progression.[emedicine.com]

    Missing: melanization of