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13 Possible Causes for Deglutition Disorder, Hyperreflexia, Long Tract Signs

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    In an otherwise asymptomatic patient, hyperreflexia, a positive Babinski test, and a positive Hoffman’s sign (hand contraction in response to tapping on distal finger joints[] tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[] A characteristic physical finding of CSM is hyperreflexia. The biceps and supinator reflexes (C5 and C6) may be absent, with a brisk triceps reflex (C7).[]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    […] remains normal Physical exam neck ptosis (neck drop) due to neck extensor weakness manual muscle testing elicits muscle cramping upper motor neuron (UMN) signs spasticity hyperreflexia[] The upper motor signs include spasticity, hyperreflexia and weakness. The lower motor signs include amyotrophy, weakness and fasciculations.[] Muscle pain may be caused by clonus or hyperreflexia. Many patients complain of muscle cramps.[]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

    Patients with chronic spinal cord lesions above T-6 are particularly at risk for this response: 85 % will display autonomic hyperreflexia at some time during the course of[] Keywords Deglutition disorders Orotracheal intubation Spinal cord injuries/complications/rehabilitation Tracheostomy/rehabilitation Deglutition This is a preview of subscription[] Autonomic hyperreflexia occurs because nerve messages that were once able to go up the spinal cord to the brain are blocked.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Irritative or obstructive bladder symptoms, as a result of spinal lesions causing detrusor hyperreflexia and incomplete bladder emptying, can be treated with oral anticholinergic[]

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    […] disease of middle age, characterized by bilateral spasticity of the facial and deglutitive muscles, resulting in dysarthria, dysphonia, dysphagia, drooling, facial weakness, hyperreflexia[] Strangled, effortful voice. la la la is forced, slow, clumsy Emotions - labile Other - bilateral upper motor neuron (long tract) limb signs.[] […] jaw (2) tongue (3) soft palate (4) pharynx (5) larynx (6) face Clinical findings in affected muscles: (1) spasticity (2) mild weakness (3) mild slowing of movements (4) hyperreflexia[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Hyperreflexia does not exclude GBS or one of its variants [18].[] tract signs pharyngeal-cervical-brachial arm weakness, dysphagia and facial weakness pandysautonomia diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, ileus, orthostatic hypotension[] Although the mechanism for this hyperreflexia is unclear, dysfunction of the inhibitory system via spinal interneurons may increase motor neuron excitability.[]

  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    The essential clinical findings are slowly progressive and often include severe spasticity, hyperreflexia, and weakness in a pyramidal distribution, noticeably in both lower[] . , Source MeSH Aged Bulbar Palsy, Progressive Deglutition Disorders Diagnosis, Differential Electromyography Fasciculation Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Mastication Movement[] Emotions – labile Other – bilateral upper motor neuron (long tract) limb signs.[]

  • Leigh's Disease

    : oftalmoplegy, look alterations, nystagmus lactic acidosis can lead to impairment of respiratory and kidney function Deglutition troubles(paralysis) Dystonia Rigidity, tremor[] tract signs, without increased DEVELOPMENTAL MEDICINE AND CHILD NEUROLOGY. 1972, 14 92 JONATHAN H.[] The neurological abnormalities are many, but the suggestive combination is ocular ab- normalities and long-tract signs: these include nystagmus, bizarre rolling eve movements[]

  • Syringobulbia

    […] disturbances Unsteady gait Dysphagia Paresthesias and numbness 5 Clinical Findings Cranial nerve deficits Nystagmus Weakness All patients Unilateral not uncommon Nystagmus Weakness Hyperreflexia[] This symptom frequently occurs in variable neurological disorders [ 1 - 7 ].[] Lower limb spasticity, which may be asymmetrical, appears with other long-tract signs such as paraparesis, hyperreflexia, and extensor plantar responses.[]

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