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822 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    It presents with asymptomatic hyperkalemia along with hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis without significant renal function impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Clinical findings, external Dehydration, oedema, anaemia, sallow colour, pruritis, brown discolouration of nails, bruising (abnormal platelets); other findings may include[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Direct damage to the kidneys themselves Urine backed up in the kidneys Those things can happen when you: Have a traumatic injury with blood loss, such as in a car wreck Are dehydrated[webmd.com]

  • Addison's Disease

    Abstract A 22-yr-old, captive-born, presumed female Hoffmann's two-toed sloth ( Choloepus hoffmanni ) presented in respiratory distress with severe dehydration and symptoms[doi.org] Source:MedicineNet Hyperkalemia - Hyperkalemia is too much potassium in the blood. It can be caused by a variety of factors.[web.archive.org] During admission for evaluation of hypotension, she was also detected to have hyponatremia. Hyponatremia and hypotension failed to improve despite fluid resuscitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org] She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[renalandurologynews.com] People who are dehydrated or at risk of dehydration may need to be given fluids through a drip.[nhs.uk]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    In this case report, an 11-year-old female with three previous admissions for dehydration was seen for dehydration and shock.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Aldosterone is the first-line defense against hyperkalemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] In a patient who developed clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, bilateral papilledema and diplopia, in association with mild hypotension, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Be aware of treatment measures for dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Dehydration Increase fluids of any kind.[zanecohencentre.com] We report a case of hyperkalemia, with concurrent hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia resulting in (1) peaking of the T wave, (2) a prominent U wave, and (3) prolongation of the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[healthcommunities.com]

  • Malaria

    Doctors also watch for signs of dehydration, convulsions, anemia, and other complications that can affect the brain, kidneys, or spleen.[kidshealth.org] […] aggressive treatment of hyponatremia may lead to death.[emedicine.com] Doctors also watch for signs of dehydration , convulsions, anemia , and other complications that can affect the brain, kidneys, or spleen.[kidshealth.org]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Abstract This article reviews causes of marathon collapse related to physical exhaustion, heat exhaustion and dehydration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrolyte levels should be measured to exclude severe hyponatremia in patients who have had excessive free water intake, particularly if they develop findings of brain dysfunction[merckmanuals.com] Clinically significant hyponatremia often results from voluntary overhydration and can be dangerous. 20 Clinical manifestations of hyponatremia include nonspecific symptoms[aafp.org]

  • Diuretic Toxicity

    Monitor for hyperkalemia, drowsiness, GI upset, masculinization, rash Chlorothiazide ( Diuril, Diurigen ) decreased sodium reabsorption in the distal nephron PO or IV: 10[uichildrens.org] So with hyponatremia, more Li is reabsorbed causing higher Li levels and lithium toxicity. This goes for anything that causes lower na levels.[forums.studentdoctor.net] The patient presented with: Dizziness Hot Flush Hypotension Toxicity To Various Agents Vomiting Nausea Dehydration Asthenia which developed after the beginning of treatment[patientsville.com]

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