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359 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Hyperkalemia, Polydipsia

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] polydipsia.[en.wikipedia.org] It presents with asymptomatic hyperkalemia along with hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis without significant renal function impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Clinical findings, external Dehydration, oedema, anaemia, sallow colour, pruritis, brown discolouration of nails, bruising (abnormal platelets); other findings may include[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Direct damage to the kidneys themselves Urine backed up in the kidneys Those things can happen when you: Have a traumatic injury with blood loss, such as in a car wreck Are dehydrated[webmd.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Notable findings on admission were a ventricular rate of 235 beats/min, tachypnoea, tremors, polydipsia and a lack of fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    If the mother is untreated to term, sudden worsening of hypercalcemia can result from loss of the placenta and dehydration Treatment Surgical treatment should be considered[shifrinmd.com] Here, a 32 years old lady with burning to colicky recurrent upper abdominal pain, polyuria, polydipsia associated with anorexia, dyspepsia, generalized body ache, joint pain[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Read More CE/CME Hyperkalemia in Adults: Review of a Common Electrolyte Imbalance Author: Melanie Douglas, PA-C Denise Rizzolo, PhD, PA-C Danielle Kruger, PA-C, MS Ed Although[mdedge.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hyperkalemia was common despite a low potassium intake and correction of acidosis. Total body potassium was high at 55 mEq/kg body weight.[annals.org] RESULTS: Two cases with primary distal renal tubular acidosis were found, and they had a history of dehydration episodes during infancy and showed hyperchloremic metabolic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical Manifestations In children the clinical spectrum is nonspecific including anorexia, failure to thrive, vomiting and dehydration, constipation, polyuria, and polydipsia[renaltube.com]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Abstract This article reviews causes of marathon collapse related to physical exhaustion, heat exhaustion and dehydration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and dehydration.[nextcare.com] Dehydration can accentuate this cardiovascular strain. In contrast, excessive heat loss to the environment during cold weather may result in hypothermic collapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diuretic Toxicity

    The patient presented with: Dizziness Hot Flush Hypotension Toxicity To Various Agents Vomiting Nausea Dehydration Asthenia which developed after the beginning of treatment[patientsville.com] Early symptoms of hypercalcemia may include nausea, vomiting, and anorexia (appetite/weight loss), followed by polyuria (excess urination), polydipsia (excess thirst), weakness[vitamindwiki.com] Monitor for hyperkalemia, drowsiness, GI upset, masculinization, rash Chlorothiazide ( Diuril, Diurigen ) decreased sodium reabsorption in the distal nephron PO or IV: 10[uichildrens.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] […] extreme acidosis (pH Signs and Symptoms – many gastric symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria/polydipsia[d3jonline.tripod.com] […] glucose in renal tubules cannot be reabsorbed; consequent hyperosmolarity and osmotic pressure results in more water in tubules) 2) polyphagia followed by lack of appetite, 3) polydipsia[quizlet.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    Cramps may be more associated with neuromuscular fatigue than dehydration/electrolyte losses, and mild dehydration is not associated with increased cramping (3).[diabetesincontrol.com] Adult schizophrenics who receive psychostimulants have also been shown to develop polydipsia with hyponatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Rhabdomyolysis

    At presentation, she was dehydrated. Blood analysis revealed acute renal failure and increased muscular enzymes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyponatraemia-induced rhabdomyolysis is a rare, but reported phenomenon, particularly in patients with chronic schizophrenia on depot antipsychotics prone to psychogenic polydipsia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract The Brugada sign may appear as an indication of severe hyperkalemia. This phenomena has recently been called as the "Brugada phenocopy".[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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