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389 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Hyperkalemia, Stupor

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Clinical findings, external Dehydration, oedema, anaemia, sallow colour, pruritis, brown discolouration of nails, bruising (abnormal platelets); other findings may include[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Direct damage to the kidneys themselves Urine backed up in the kidneys Those things can happen when you: Have a traumatic injury with blood loss, such as in a car wreck Are dehydrated[webmd.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    The main symptoms of DKA include: Heavy or laboured breathing Nausea and vomiting Excessive thirst Stomach pains Stupor or unconsciousness What should I do?[jdrf.org.uk] She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Accidental Hypothermia

    […] temperatures dropping from 95 F to 90 F develop amnesia, dysarthria, confusion, and disruptive behavior. 1 Further cooling as the body temperature falls to 82.4 F yields stupor[mdedge.com] Regular consumption of high-energy food rich in carbohydrates aids the body in heat production, while 13-17 c (3-4L) of water a day prevents rapid dehydration from evaporation[science.jrank.org] Electrolyte abnormalities such as hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia that may worsen when patients are rewarmed contribute to the risk of arrhythmias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heat Stroke

    How can dehydration be prevented?[hopkinsmedicine.org] Laboratory studies with dogs have demonstrated heat stroke-induced sinoatrial node dysfunction in the setting of hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The associated hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis may lead to an acute renal, cardiac, and hemostatic failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    People who are dehydrated or at risk of dehydration may need to be given fluids through a drip.[nhs.uk] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration caused by drastically reduced fluid intake or excessive use of diuretics (water pills) is a major cause of prerenal ARF.[healthcommunities.com]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Heat stroke Warm, dry skin High fever, usually over 104 F (or 40 C) Rapid heart rate Loss of appetite Nausea Vomiting Headache Fatigue Confusion Agitation Lethargy Stupor[urmc.rochester.edu] Abstract This article reviews causes of marathon collapse related to physical exhaustion, heat exhaustion and dehydration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Heat stroke Warm, dry skin high fever, usually over 104 F (or 40 C) Rapid heart rate Loss of appetite Nausea Vomiting Headache Fatigue Confusion Agitation Lethargy Stupor[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Acidosis

    In respiratory acidosis, the earliest symptoms are Drowsiness may progress to stupor and coma as the oxygen in the blood becomes inadequate.[merckmanuals.com] Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[livestrong.com] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    We report a 33 year-old woman addicted to chronic unspecified solvents abuse with stupor, respiratory disorders, tetraplegia and severe metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of a 4-day-old neonate presenting with 18% weight loss, hypernatremic dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    The occurrence of stupor or coma in a diabetic patient in the absence of definitive elevation of effective osmolality ( 320 mOsm/kg) demands immediate consideration of other[care.diabetesjournals.org] Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It presents with asymptomatic hyperkalemia along with hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis without significant renal function impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    People may become unresponsive, aroused only by vigorous stimulation (stupor), and eventually cannot be aroused (coma). Death may follow.[merckmanuals.com] Cramps may be more associated with neuromuscular fatigue than dehydration/electrolyte losses, and mild dehydration is not associated with increased cramping (3).[diabetesincontrol.com] The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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