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1,692 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Hypokalemia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[] […] kg over 3-6 h, with some of the initial volume given rapidly as initial fluid boluses to treat hypovolaemic shock for children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe dehydration[] hypokalemia.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Patients receiving fludrocortisone acetate may experience gastrointestinal upset, edema, hypertension, hypokalemia, insomnia, and excitability.[] The proposita, 11 months old of age, was admitted for lethargy and severe dehydration.[] Complications occurred in 61 cases (67.0 %): asthenia in 88.5 % of cases, intense thirst in 32.8 %, symptoms of dehydration in 49.2 % and symptoms of hypoglycaemia in 18 %[]

  • Cholera

    Hypokalemia: results from potassium loss in the stool. Hypokalemia develops only after the acidosis is corrected.[] Low potassium levels (hypokalemia). People with cholera lose large quantities of minerals, including potassium, in their stools.[] We present the case of a 31-year-old Peruvian female with severe dehydration due to diarrhea and vomiting.[]

  • Heat Stroke

    […] confusional state (58.97%),coma (29.48%), seizure (33.33%),and vomiting (26.92%).Vital parameters were recorded and laboratory parameters revealed hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia, hypokalemia[] Those are the early signs of dehydration.” A late sign?[] On admission, the common electrolyte disturbances were hypokalemia (71.2 %), hypophosphatemia (59.1 %), hyponatremia (53.0 %), hypocalcemia (51.5 %), and hypomagnesemia (34.9[]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    Unlike other groups, hypokalemia persisted in the Gatorade group.[] Dehydration is the most common complication of viral gastroenteritis.[] Complicated cases develop severe dehydration and hypovolemia, requiring the skills of critical care nurses to meet the challenges of care.[]

  • Short Bowel Syndrome

    Hypokalemia, however, is a potentially underrecognized cause of rhabdomyolysis.[] The case of a 1-year-old girl with short bowel syndrome presenting with severe dehydrating diarrhea with a protozoon named C parvum is reported.[] […] the complications of SBS, which are most relevant in the clinical practice, such as intestinal failure associated liver disease, renal failure, biliary and renal stones, dehydration[]

  • Diarrhea

    The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[] Children from households with medium (OR: 6.8; 95% CI: 1.41-32.5) or high (OR: 14.0; 95% CI: 2.40-81.5) water insecurity had significantly higher odds of dehydration than[] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[]

  • VIPoma

    It causes symptoms such as profuse watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria.[] The massive amounts of VIP in turn cause profound and chronic watery diarrhea and resultant dehydration , hypokalemia , achlorhydria (hence WDHA-syndrome , or pancreatic cholera[] One patient had a VIPoma syndrome with diarrhea, hypokalemia, and hypercalcemia, all symptoms were reversible after treatment consisting of somatostatin analogue and arterial[]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[] , so others may need to seek emergency help for them if they are severely dehydrated.[] There may also be abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea, vomiting and hypokalemia.[]

  • Caffeine

    Excessive ingestion of caffeine can induce hypokalemia, which affects the neuromuscular system and can lead to paralysis.[] The combination of dehydration and cramping can have particularly detrimental effects on performance.[] Excessive intake of caffeine may produce arrhythmias and pronounced hypokalemia and ensuing ventricular fibrillation.[]

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