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35 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Hypokalemia, Starvation Ketosis

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    […] pregnant women and is associated with persistent vomiting (more than three episodes per day) that results in severe dehydration, ketonuria, electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia[aafp.org] Dehydration can cause problems with the fetus and with mom's health.[babymed.com] ketosis with ketonuria, elevated specific gravity and BUN, and a hypochloremic hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. 1,3,15 It is recommended to replete with thiamine if significant[emdocs.net]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She presented with dehydration, vomiting, weakness, a body mass index of 13 kg/m2 and was treated with intravenous and enteral supplementation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[care.diabetesjournals.org] Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The female infant, born to consanguineous parents (first cousins), weighing 2,300 grams at birth, presented with extreme dehydration and pale skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] , which is caused by starvation, prolonged fasting, or a severe lack of carbohydrates in one’s diet.[insulinnation.com]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    The focus should be on aggressively managing hypokalemia(even if not manifested at the time of presentation, we notice hypokalemia while treating with sodium bicarbonate)[nephrology.edublogs.org] Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ketoacidosis may also occur in children who are ill and fasted (ie starvation ketosis).[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    An adult male with metastatic medullary thyroid cancer presented with hyperglycemia, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, hypertension, acne-like rash, and diabetes insipidus (urine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patients of diabetes insipidus present to the hospital with the complaint of polyuria and/or dehydration.[symptoma.com] ketosis.”[pedemmorsels.com]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The case of a 74-year-old woman with past history of hypertension and cerebrovascular accident admitted with pneumonia, dehydration, hypernatremia and severe hypokalemic alkalosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ketosis or acidosis with improved cellular function Laxative abuse Symptoms and Signs Symptoms and signs of mild alkalaemia are usually related to the underlying disorder[pathology.leedsth.nhs.uk]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    Electrolyte disorders including hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hyperglycemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia were common on presentation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration All patients with severe AKA are dehydrated.[emedicine.com] Also common are electrolyte imbalances such as hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, and hypomagnesemia.[symptoma.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acute alcoholism is temporary and results in depression of the higher nerve cells, resulting in lack of coordination, impaired motor control, stupor, dehydration and nausea[epainassist.com] Ethanol also causes structural abnormalities in the liver mitochondria which leads to ketosis superimposed by starvation, chronic malnutrition [ 13, 14 ].[pubs.sciepub.com]

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