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399 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Hyponatremia, Petechiae

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypocalcemia (see chapter) Hyponatremia (see chapter) Uremia: The three most severe forms of uremia are encephalopathy, bleeding diathesis, and pericarditis.[] […] haemorrhage Subdural haematoma Epistaxis Haematuria Ecchymosis Purpura Bleeding from the gums Gingival bleeding Genital bleeding Haemoptysis Telangiectasia Haemarthrosis Petechiae[] Clinical findings, external Dehydration, oedema, anaemia, sallow colour, pruritis, brown discolouration of nails, bruising (abnormal platelets); other findings may include[]

  • Acute Renal Failure

    Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[] Pallor, rash, bruising: petechiae, purpura and nosebleeds may suggest inflammatory or vascular disease, emboli or disseminated intravascular coagulation.[] People who are dehydrated or at risk of dehydration may need to be given fluids through a drip.[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    Zell- Kanter Reviewed 06/2017 Respiratory alkalosis and metabolic acidosis: Secondary to inhibition of Krebs cycle and uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation Dehydration, hyponatremia[] Petechiae (tiny red or purplish spots on the skin caused by bleeding under the skin). Subconjunctival hemorrhage. Lethargy. Coma. Agitation. Confusion. Seizures.[] Hyperventilation (P less than .01), dehydration (P less than .001), and severe central nervous system manifestations (P less than .001) occurred more frequently in the chronic[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Hyponatremia, if present, indicates syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.[] Petechia b. Purpura c. Ecchymosis 5. Eye effects a. Photophobia b. Venous congestion of ocular fundi c. Unequal pupils d. Pupil dilation e. Sluggish reaction to light f.[] Treatment also includes plenty of fluids to ward off dehydration. Prevention Vaccines are available to help prevent bacterial meningitis.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    We underline that when a patient presents fever and petechiae (50-60% of patients), WFS must be considered, even when the patient has a non-toxic appearance.[] She dismissed her symptoms as flu and dehydration, and laid around her home for a few days.[] Symptoms usually come on quickly, and may include: Fever and chills Mental status changes Nausea and vomiting Purple, bruise-like areas ( purpura ) Rash, pinpoint red spots ( petechiae[]

  • Thrombocytopenia

    […] and legs). [8] Causes [ edit ] Thrombocytopenia can be inherited or acquired. [9] Decreased production [ edit ] Abnormally low platelet production may be caused by: [10] Dehydration[] CONCLUSIONS: Neurological signs, hemorrhagic manifestations, disturbance of consciousness, hyponatremia, prolonged APTT, and increased CRP and serum creatinine are risk factors[] ., uremia, hyponatremia, fever) 90, 101–103 Cerebral hemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia 102 Other concurrent factors that may cause seizures independently of TTP (e.g., TTP-like[]

  • Heat Stroke

    20.51%), confusional state (58.97%),coma (29.48%), seizure (33.33%),and vomiting (26.92%).Vital parameters were recorded and laboratory parameters revealed hypophosphatemia, hyponatremia[] Autopsy findings included diffuse petechiae and hemorrhages of serosal membranes (n   7/7) and lung congestion (n   3/7).[] How can dehydration be prevented?[]

  • Leptospirosis

    CI 1.48-8.44), muscle pain OR 2.12 (95%CI 1.06-4.26), acute kidney injury (AKI) OR 2.90 (95%CI 1.31-6.15), low hemoglobin OR 3.48 (95%CI 1.72-7.04), and hypokalemia with hyponatremia[] […] progressing to inability to urinate Rapid dehydration Vomiting, possibly with blood Diarrhea - with or without blood in stool Bloody vaginal discharge Dark red speckled gums ( petechiae[] All patients had signs and symptoms of AFI, including fever, headache, and dehydration.[]

  • Ulcerative Colitis

    He reported having up to 3-5 urgent stool per day and 3-4 stool per night weight loss with dehydration.[] Following recovery from infection and resolution of the hyponatremia, the patient was discharged to a senior care facility, but with continued treatment with TMP-SMX.[] A 64-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with petechiae and palpable purpura in lower limbs and abdominal pain for about 1 month.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    CASE PRESENTATION: The proposita, 11 months old of age, was admitted for lethargy and severe dehydration.[] A 60-year-old woman with a past medical history of Cushing's syndrome developed hyponatremia with symptoms of acute glucocorticoid deficiency, such as prolonged general fatigue[] Explain the common side effects of weight gain, swelling around the face and eyes, insomnia, bruising, gastric distress, gastric bleeding, and petechiae.[]

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