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1,372 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Ileus

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    […] kg over 3-6 h, with some of the initial volume given rapidly as initial fluid boluses to treat hypovolaemic shock for children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe dehydration[] […] their child was “dehydrated” and got an IV) CON: Requires more parental/caregiver involvement (we American’s are generally lazy) CON: Can’t be used in the setting of an ileus[] Likewise, patients with abdominal ileus should not be administered oral fluids until bowel sounds are audible.[]

  • Appendicitis

    It is important to make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids in order to avoid dehydration and constipation.[] Gallstone ileus as the cause of an obstructive gangrenous appendicitis is a very unusual disease presentation that should be kept in mind when finding an unusual appendicolith[] Blood chemistries may also show dehydration or fluid and electrolyte disorders. Urinalysis is used to rule out a urinary tract infection.[]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Physical exam may reveal restlessness, acute illness, and signs of dehydration and sepsis, including tachycardia, pyrexia, dry mucous membranes, hypotension/orthostasis, abdominal[] Synonyms Ileus: paralytic ileus, adynamic ileus, non mechanical obstruction, intestinal pseudo obstruction Small bowel obstruction: mechanical ileus, obstructive ileus, dynamic[] […] of dehydration or tissue hypoperfusion Urinalysis Type and crossmatch PT, PTT, and INR measurements Laboratory tests to exclude biliary or hepatic disease are also needed[]

  • Amebiasis

    Dehydrated patients are given fluids. Alcoholic drink is contraindicated since it may cause nausea, vomiting, flushing and headaches.[] Three days after hospitalization, ileus developed and right hemicolectomy was performed.[] To prevent dehydration, make sure to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[] (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria/polydipsia, systemic dehydration, and hypotension hyperkalemia (from hyperglycemia and acidosis) causes tachycardia, abdominal pain (ileus[] Precipitants Myocardial infarction Stroke Infection Diabetogenic drugs corticosteroids thiazide diuretics Consequences Hypernatraemia because patients are dehydrated in pre-renal[]

  • Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis

    Mesenteric ischemia and bowel infarction are life-threatening complications of acute MVT, manifesting as dehydration, hypotension, fever, ascites, and shock.[] On physical examination, the patient was in a comatose state, with hypotension, anuria, notable dehydration and diffuse abdominal pain with distension and guarding.[] Later, features of ileus develop and air may appear in the portal vein and the liver.[]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Dehydration, hypovolemia, and sepsis may result in decreased body temperature and death. 2 Signs of shock may develop within a few hours.[] Complications:  Systemic complications:  Bacterimic or endotoxic shock  SIRS  MODS  Abdominal Complications:  Paralytic ileus  Residual/recurrent abscess/ Inflammatory[] There are drastic dehydration, a significant decrease in Na, Ca, Cl, and protein levels.[]

  • Tyrosinemia Type 1

    […] intermittent porphyria, manifesting with painful parasthesias (causing patients to assume ophisthotonic position, self mutilation), autonomic signs (hypertension, tachycardia, ileus[] Examination revealed a sick-looking infant with signs of severe dehydration and hypovolemic shock. He was jaundiced, and had hepatomegaly and elevated liver enzymes.[] […] blood sugar 0001943 Hypophosphatemic rickets 0004912 Nephrocalcinosis Too much calcium deposited in kidneys 0000121 Pancreatic islet- cell hyperplasia 0004510 Paralytic ileus[]

  • Purpura Fulminans

    Usually malnutrition and some degree of dehydration are predisposing factors. Children have been exposured for low temperature in local tribes tents.[] She also had paralytic ileus (high RT aspirate 600 ml/24 h).[] Conflict of Interest: None DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_121_16 A 23-day-old neonate, born of nonconsangious marriage, admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for hypernatremic dehydration[]

  • Boric Acid

    Nausea, vomiting, greenish diarrhea, and dehydration occurred shortly thereafter.[] […] household insecticides, is a rare occurrence, characterized by a diffuse desquamative skin eruption, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, delirium, acute renal failure and prolonged ileus[] One patient required hospitalization for 1 day because of dehydration.[]

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