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200 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Ketonuria

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[] Because of a preferential increase in 3-OHBA, ketonuria seemed to be absent in the regular nitroprusside test.[] However, when there is excessive ketone accumulation, it is excreted in the urine, leading to ketonuria.[]

  • Methylmalonic Acidemia

    Laboratory analysis showed hyperglycemia with acidosis and ketonuria. She was treated with parenteral fluid, electrolyte, and insulin infusion.[] The clinical signs are recurrent episodes of ketoacidosis and bouts of vomiting, dehydration and mental retardation.[] Biochemically, the disorder is typically characterized by: metabolic acidosis, ketonemia or ketonuria, hyperammonemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia.[]

  • Isovaleric Acidemia

    This enzymatic deficiency leads to severe metabolic derangement, manifested clinically as vomiting, dehydration, and acidosis progressing to seizures, coma, and death.[] Hyperglycemia, ketonemia, ketonuria and metabolic acidosis are the main clinical features of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and these same symptoms can also be seen in acute[] At admission, he had vomiting associated with dehydration, acidosis, ketonuria, coma and a pungent, rather unpleasant odor.[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight[] Although neither ketoacidosis nor ketonuria was detected, the markedly acute onset of the hyperglycemia was consistent with the typical clinical course of fulminant type I[] The female infant, born to consanguineous parents (first cousins), weighing 2,300 grams at birth, presented with extreme dehydration and pale skin.[]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Abstract This article reviews causes of marathon collapse related to physical exhaustion, heat exhaustion and dehydration.[] […] and dehydration.[] Dehydration can accentuate this cardiovascular strain. In contrast, excessive heat loss to the environment during cold weather may result in hypothermic collapse.[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    CASE REPORT: a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration as far away from the preliminary diagnosis of anorexia nervosa[] She presented with dehydration, vomiting, weakness, a body mass index of 13 kg/m 2 and was treated with intravenous and enteral supplementation.[] Physical ( for nasogastric resuscitation ) Bradycardia ( 50 bpm) Postural hypotension (fall in systolic BP lying to standing 20 mmHg) Dehydration Hypothermia (temp.[]

  • Acidosis

    Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[] Caution if ketonuria or drug anions are in the urine as it would invalidate the calculation. Diarrhea : UAG is a negative value.[] Examples include controlling diabetes and avoiding excessive exercise or severe weather that might lead to dehydration.[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    […] to those with mild dehydration).[] Abstract Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complex metabolic state characterized by hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis and ketonuria.[] […] admission, the primary symptoms were nausea and dizziness, and he was hypertensive (170/103) and tachycardic (119 bpm) and had mild hyperglycaemia (15.3 mmol/l), severe ketonuria[]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    Dehydration can cause problems with the fetus and with mom's health.[] PARTICIPANTS: Women less than 20 weeks' pregnant with severe NVP and associated ketonuria ( 1 ).[] This condition might lead to dehydration. What causes hyperemesis gravidarum?[]

  • Propionic Acidemia

    Abstract Three siblings suffering from recurrent vomiting, hypotonia, hyperpnea, dehydration, and ketoacidosis were diagnosed as having ketotic hyperglycinemia secondary to[] […] presented, paying special attention to the early symptoms of this disease, such as increased drowsiness, muscular hypotonia, poor feeding, hypothermia, metabolic acidosis, ketonuria[] This disorder most commonly is characterized by episodic decompensations with dehydration, lethargy, nausea, and vomiting as well as a risk for neurologic sequelae.[]

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