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273 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Ketonuria

  • Methylmalonic Acidemia

    She had clinical signs of diabetic ketoacidosis such as dehydration, deep sighing respiration, smell of ketones, lethargy, and vomiting.[] The clinical signs are recurrent episodes of ketoacidosis and bouts of vomiting, dehydration and mental retardation.[] Affected infants can have vomiting, dehydration, hypotonia, developmental delay and failure to thrive.[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Most cases come to medical attention because of nonspecific symptoms, including intrauterine growth retardation, dehydration, difficulties in feeding and inadequate weight[] Although neither ketoacidosis nor ketonuria was detected, the markedly acute onset of the hyperglycemia was consistent with the typical clinical course of fulminant type I[] The female infant, born to consanguineous parents (first cousins), weighing 2,300 grams at birth, presented with extreme dehydration and pale skin.[]

  • Isovaleric Acidemia

    This enzymatic deficiency leads to severe metabolic derangement, manifested clinically as vomiting, dehydration, and acidosis progressing to seizures, coma, and death.[] Hyperglycemia, ketonemia, ketonuria and metabolic acidosis are the main clinical features of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and these same symptoms can also be seen in acute[] At admission, he had vomiting associated with dehydration, acidosis, ketonuria, coma and a pungent, rather unpleasant odor.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[] Because of a preferential increase in 3-OHBA, ketonuria seemed to be absent in the regular nitroprusside test.[] Figure 1 Clearance of ketonuria in the first 24 h following admission to the intensive care unit, in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis Figure 1 Clearance of ketonuria in[]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    This article reviews causes of marathon collapse related to physical exhaustion, heat exhaustion and dehydration.[] […] and dehydration.[] Dehydration can accentuate this cardiovascular strain. In contrast, excessive heat loss to the environment during cold weather may result in hypothermic collapse.[]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    The patients of diabetes insipidus present to the hospital with the complaint of polyuria and/or dehydration.[] In addition to referencing an oldie, but a goodie morsel on Cerebral Edema , I also mentioned that we should all be careful not to attribute all ketonuria in vomiting kids[] The body's normal response to dehydration is to conserve water by concentrating the urine.[]

  • Acidosis

    You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[] Caution if ketonuria or drug anions are in the urine as it would invalidate the calculation. Diarrhea : UAG is a negative value.[] Examples include controlling diabetes and avoiding excessive exercise or severe weather that might lead to dehydration.[]

  • Caffeine

    The combination of dehydration and cramping can have particularly detrimental effects on performance.[] Postmortem biochemistry results suggested depressed glomerular filtration rate and pre-renal failure at the time of death but failed to reveal myoglobinuria, glycosuria, ketonuria[] Caffeine Myth No. 5: Caffeine Has a Dehydrating Effect Caffeine can make you need to urinate.[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    She presented with dehydration, vomiting, weakness, a body mass index of 13 kg/m2 and was treated with intravenous and enteral supplementation.[] […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[] Physical ( for nasogastric resuscitation ) Bradycardia ( 50 bpm) Postural hypotension (fall in systolic BP lying to standing 20 mmHg) Dehydration Hypothermia (temp.[]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    Be sure to watch for signs of dehydration if vomiting develops.[] Women less than 20 weeks' pregnant with severe NVP and associated ketonuria ( 1 ).[] Antiemetic agent selected did not differ by patient age, parity, current treatment for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, orthostatics, ketonuria or disposition.[]

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