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24 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Polydipsia, Starvation Ketosis

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Notable findings on admission were a ventricular rate of 235 beats/min, tachypnoea, tremors, polydipsia and a lack of fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    The female infant, born to consanguineous parents (first cousins), weighing 2,300 grams at birth, presented with extreme dehydration and pale skin.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of marked hyperglycemia include polyuria, polydipsia, weight loss, sometimes with polyphagia, and blurred vision.[medscape.com] In addition, although alcoholic ketoacidosis can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not 4 ).[web.archive.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] […] extreme acidosis (pH Signs and Symptoms – many gastric symptoms, probably protective against further ingestion of glucose osmotic diuresis (from hyperglycemia) causes polyuria/polydipsia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Therefore, a patient with starvation ketosis rarely presents with a serum bicarbonate concentration less than 18 mEq/L.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    The patients of diabetes insipidus present to the hospital with the complaint of polyuria and/or dehydration.[symptoma.com] We report a case of a 26-year-old woman without psychiatric illness referred for longstanding polyuria and polydipsia.[doi.org] ketosis.”[pedemmorsels.com]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Dehydration Dehydration is a condition in which the body shows symptoms of severely low fluid content. Low water intake is the most obvious cause of dehydration.[study.com] […] male type-2 diabetic patient with liver cirrhosis stage Child-Pugh B was admitted due to dysmetria of his right arm, gait disturbance, dizziness, vertigo, and polyuria, polydipsia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In addition, although AKA can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not lower than 18 mEq/l.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

    Dehydration All patients with severe AKA are dehydrated.[emedicine.com] Symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes - eg, polyuria, polydipsia or weight loss. Symptoms of renal failure such as nocturia, polyuria, oliguria, pruritus and anorexia.[patient.info] Polyuria with polydipsia is the most common presenting symptom and was found in 98 percent of persons in one study of childhood type 1 diabetes.[aafp.org]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    RESULTS: Two cases with primary distal renal tubular acidosis were found, and they had a history of dehydration episodes during infancy and showed hyperchloremic metabolic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical Manifestations In children the clinical spectrum is nonspecific including anorexia, failure to thrive, vomiting and dehydration, constipation, polyuria, and polydipsia[renaltube.com] […] and alcohol use resulting in acidosis is treated with intravenous glucose, which is administered to stimulate insulin secretion and stop lipolysis and ketosis.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Acidosis

    Treatment You can relieve dehydration-related acidosis by treating the underlying cause of dehydration, Medline Plus reports.[livestrong.com] Patients with dRTA can be asymptomatic or can present with polyuria, polydipsia, weakness and fatigue (symptoms associated with hypokalemia).[orpha.net] , alcohol and DKA) Download PDF of GOLDMARK mnemonic Osmolar Gap common differential diagnosis Ketoacids (DKA, AKA, starvation ketosis) Alcohols Sepsis Ischemia Sodium bicarbonate[emergencymedicinecases.com]

  • Adult Fanconi Syndrome

    Dehydration due to polyuria: prevent by ensuring adequate fluid intake; episodes of dehydration require either oral or intravenous fluid replacement.[patient.info] Less commonly, under certain conditions, such as during pregnancy or starvation, serious symptoms and findings may become apparent (e.g., dehydration, ketosis).[rarediseases.org] The most frequent manifestations are polyuria, polydipsia, dehydration, hypokalemia, acidosis, impaired growth, and rickets.[ommbid.mhmedical.com]

  • Diabetic Coma

    The individual is not usually dehydrated and breathing is normal or shallow.[en.wikipedia.org] Fact Explanation Polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss, Generally all of the glucose filtered by the kidneys are reabsorbed.[explainmedicine.com] Ketosis and ketoacidosis may also be seen with starvation, alcoholism, and with high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets.[labtestsonline.org]

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