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11 Possible Causes for Dehydration, Prerenal Azotemia, Starvation Ketosis

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    […] diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dehydration and prerenal azotemia are not uncommon; in addition, other electrolyte abnormalities such as hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia can be present.[acphospitalist.org] ) further magnifies the impact of the malnutrition on the brain, owing to it being in a starvation-illness mode.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    - /- hyperventilation due to cerebral dehydration - /- focal neurological signs due to dehydration or thrombosis Investigation - marked hyperglycaemia.[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] azotemia, hyperglycemia, and hyperosmolality.[merckmanuals.com] Therefore, a patient with starvation ketosis rarely presents with a serum bicarbonate concentration less than 18 mEq/L.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    The patients of diabetes insipidus present to the hospital with the complaint of polyuria and/or dehydration.[symptoma.com] ketosis.”[pedemmorsels.com] The body's normal response to dehydration is to conserve water by concentrating the urine.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    She had moderated to severe dehydration but no hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Our diagnosis was NODAT with diabetic ketoacidosis and prerenal azotemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is possible that starvation ketosis contributed to the development of the high anion gap metabolic acidosis in our patient.[nature.com]

  • Prerenal Azotemia

    Additionally, signs of dehydration are commonly observed, such as dry mucous membranes and loss of skin turgor.[symptoma.com] Protein intake should be balanced to minimize nitrogenous waste production while limiting starvation ketosis and subsequent production of ketoacids.[aafp.org] Long-term care facility residents are commonly diagnosed with prerenal azotemia, particularly if they have been diagnosed with dehydration.[hcpro.com]

  • Postrenal Azotemia

    […] nitrogen-containing compounds in the blood; BUN may be: (1) prerenal, due to renal blood flow–with glomerular filtration rate–GFR and/or excess urea production, seen in dehydration[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Prerenal Azotemia And BUN- Creatinine Ratio When azotemia is diagnosed, one test that works well to pinpoint whether the cause is prerenal, renal, or post- renal is to test[kidneypedia.net] Protein intake should be balanced to minimize nitrogenous waste production while limiting starvation ketosis and subsequent production of ketoacids.[aafp.org]

  • Non-Oliguric Renal Failure

    None had oliguria or anuria, dehydration, abnormal serum electrolyte concentrations, or evidence of glomerulonephritis.[journals.lww.com] AKIN criteria stated that adequate volume repletion had excluded reversible prerenal azotemia before applying the AKIN criteria.[ndt.oxfordjournals.org] Protein intake should be balanced to minimize nitrogenous waste production while limiting starvation ketosis and subsequent production of ketoacids.[aafp.org]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    The case of a 74-year-old woman with past history of hypertension and cerebrovascular accident admitted with pneumonia, dehydration, hypernatremia and severe hypokalemic alkalosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The blood pH was 7.65 with hypochloremia, hypokalemia, and prerenal azotemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ketosis or acidosis with improved cellular function Laxative abuse Symptoms and Signs Symptoms and signs of mild alkalaemia are usually related to the underlying disorder[pathology.leedsth.nhs.uk]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    RESULTS: Two cases with primary distal renal tubular acidosis were found, and they had a history of dehydration episodes during infancy and showed hyperchloremic metabolic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] azotemia, and several organ abnormalities, culminating in dehydration and renal failure with early lethality before weaning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and alcohol use resulting in acidosis is treated with intravenous glucose, which is administered to stimulate insulin secretion and stop lipolysis and ketosis.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hyperglycemia

    Dehydration Dehydration is a condition in which the body shows symptoms of severely low fluid content. Low water intake is the most obvious cause of dehydration.[study.com] Hyperglycemia causes osmotic diuresis that leads to hypovolemia, decreased glomerular filtration rate, and prerenal azotemia.[dx.doi.org] In addition, although AKA can result in profound acidosis, the serum bicarbonate concentration in starvation ketosis is usually not lower than 18 mEq/l.[care.diabetesjournals.org]

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